Temporal range: Pliocene - Holocene, Template:Temporal range
|The giant panda, the only extant species in the genus and subfamily.|
|Ailuropoda fovealis skull|
Only one species—Ailuropoda melanoleuca—currently exists; the other four species are prehistoric chronospecies. Despite its taxonomic classification as a carnivoran, the giant panda has a diet that is primarily herbivorous, which consists almost exclusively of bamboo.
In 2011 fossil teeth from over 11 mya found in the Iberian peninsula were identified as belonging to a previously unidentified species in the Ailuropodinae. This species was named Agriarctos beatrix.
- †Ailuropoda microta Pei, 1962 (late Pliocene)[clarification needed]
- †Ailuropoda wulingshanensis Wang et alii. 1982 (late Pliocene - early Pleistocene)
- †Ailuropoda baconi (Woodward 1915) (Pleistocene)
- †Ailuropoda minor Pei, 1962 (Pleistocene)[clarification needed]
- Ailuropoda melanoleuca (David, 1869)
Formerly, the red, or lesser, panda (Ailurus fulgens) was considered closely related to giant pandas. It is no longer considered a bear, however, and is now classified as the sole living representative of a different carnivore family (Ailuridae).