A QRpedia code which decodes as the URL http://en.qrwp.org/QRpedia, used widely as the logo
|Launched||9 April 2011|
QRpedia is a mobile Web based system which uses QR codes to deliver Wikipedia articles to users, in their preferred language. QR codes can easily be generated to link directly to any Uniform Resource Identifier (URI), but the QRpedia system adds further functionality. It is owned and operated by a subsidiary of Wikimedia UK (WMUK).
QRpedia was conceived by Roger Bamkin, a Wikipedia volunteer, coded by Terence Eden, and unveiled in April 2011. It is currently in use at museums and other institutions in countries including Australia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Macedonia, Spain, India, the United Kingdom, Germany and the United States. The project's source code is freely reusable under the MIT License.
When a user scans a QRpedia QR code on their mobile device, the device decodes the QR code into a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) using the domain name "qrwp.org" and whose path (final part) is the title of a Wikipedia article, and sends a request for the article specified in the URL to the QRpedia web server. It also transmits the language setting of the device.
The QRpedia server then uses Wikipedia's API to determine whether there is a version of the specified Wikipedia article in the language used by the device, and if so, returns it in a mobile-friendly format. If there is no version of the article available in the preferred language, then the QRpedia server offers a choice of the available languages, or a Google translation.
QRpedia was conceived by Roger Bamkin, a Wikipedia volunteer, and Terence Eden, a mobile web consultant, and was unveiled on 9 April 2011 at Derby Museum and Art Gallery's Backstage Pass event, part of the "GLAM/Derby" collaboration between the museum and Wikipedia, during which over 1,200 Wikipedia articles, in several languages, were also created. The project's name is a portmanteau word, combining the initials "QR" from "QR (Quick Response) code" and "pedia" from "Wikipedia".
Derby Museum's label for the painting "A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery" features a QRpedia code linking to the Wikipedia article about it which, as of February 2012, was available in 19 languages.
Though created in the United Kingdom, QRpedia can be used in any location where the user's phone or tablet has a data signal (or remembers URLs until a signal is available) and is in use at venues including:
- Children's Chapel, St James' Church, Sydney
- The Children's Museum of Indianapolis, United States
- Congressional Cemetery
- Derby Museum and Art Gallery, England
- Estonian Sports Museum
- Galleries of Justice Museum
- Fundació Joan Miró, Spain including a travelling exhibit shown at The Tate
- The National Archives, United Kingdom 
- The National Museum of Computing (UK)
- Sofia Zoo, Bulgaria
- The Welsh town of Monmouth, as part of Wikipedia's MonmouthpediA project.
- St Paul's Church, Birmingham
- Different monuments in Prague 10
- The New Art Gallery Walsall
- Skopje Zoo, Macedonia, using a mixed approach of ordinary QR-codes and QRpedia codes
In January 2012, QRpedia was one of four projects (from 79 entrants) declared the most innovative mobile companies in the UK of 2011 by the Smart UK Project, and thus chosen to compete at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, on 29 February 2012. The criteria were "to be effective, easy to understand and with global potential and impact".
Wikimedia UK dispute
A conflict of interest case involving QRpedia was identified as one of the "main incidents" leading to a 2012 review of the governance of Wikimedia UK (WMUK). The review found that the amount of time taken to resolve ownership caused the risk of outsiders perceiving a potential conflict of interest, and that Bamkin's acceptance of consultancy fees on projects (jointly funded by WMUK) involving QRpedia provided an opportunity for damage to the reputation of WMUK. This conflict of interest led to the resignation of WMUK trustee Joscelyn Upendran. Shortly before her resignation on 31 August 2012, Upendran stated that "the charity has in effect agreed to take on responsibility [...] for a service that is 'co-owned' by a trustee", and suggested that "the conflict of interest may present a legal risk under charity and corporate law". On 9 February 2013, WMUK announced that the intellectual property in QRpedia, and the qrpedia.org and qrwp.org domains, were to be transferred to the chapter at no cost. On 12 February 2013, Michael Peel registered two QRpedia related domain names on behalf of WMUK. On 2 April 2013, WMUK announced that Roger Bamkin and Terence Eden were transferring ownership of QRpedia to Wikimedia UK. On 16 November 2013, WMUK announced that the agreement for the transfer had been signed and the IP rights in QRpedia were held by Cultural Outreach Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of WMUK, and that following the agreement, the transfer of the domain names was an administrative process that could begin immediately.
At least one Wikimedia chapter has received letters alleging that QRpedia infringes various patents. Though WMUK believes that this is not the case and that the risk of litigation is not high, Cultural Outreach Limited has been set up to hold QRpedia, in order to shield WMUK should such a challenge arise.
- ^ a b c d e f Eden, Terence (2011年4月3日). “[ Introducing QRpedia]”. Template:ISO date/en閲覧。
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- ^ Johnson, L.; Adams, S. (2011). The Technology Outlook for UK Tertiary Education 2011-201 (PDF). NMC Horizon Report Regional Analyses. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium. ISBN 978-0-615-38209-8.
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- ^ Roger Bamkin, interviewed on BBC Radio Derby by Phil Trow, 2011-08-30
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- ^ Greta Kreuz (Template:ISO date/en). “Historic Congressional Cemetery Program to get Wikipedia boost”. WLJA Template:ISO date/en閲覧。
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- ^ “[ New collaboration between Wikimedia UK and The National Archives]”. The National Archives (United Kingdom) (2011年9月15日). Template:ISO date/en閲覧。
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- ^ a b “[ Become an instant expert with a little help from your mobile]”. Smart UK Project (2012年2月2日). Template:ISO date/en閲覧。
- ^ “[ Уикипедия:Сътрудничество/Софийски зоопарк]” (bg). Wikipedia. Template:ISO date/en閲覧。
- ^ “[ Monmouth to be Wales' first WiFi town]”. Monmouth Today (2012年2月29日). Template:ISO date/en閲覧。
- ^ “[ QRpedia a Praha 10: QR kód na každé památce]”. http://www.mobilmania.cz (2012年9月30日). Template:ISO date/en閲覧。
- ^ Shared Knowledge projects: Skopje Zoo, Meta
- ^ “[ We Don't Make Demands: Posters]” (2011年12月2日). Template:ISO date/en閲覧。
- ^ “[ Smart UK Project – the final four]”. Smart UK Project. Template:ISO date/en閲覧。
- ^ Young, Niki May (Template:ISO date/en). “[ Wikimedia UK trustees have been 'too involved' to effectively govern charity]”. 2013年2月9日閲覧。
- ^ http://www.theregister.co.uk/2013/02/13/wikimedia_uk_shape_up/
- ^ Keating, Chris (2013年2月9日). “[ QRpedia]”. Wikimedia UK. Template:ISO date/en閲覧。
- ^ https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Mike_Peel/Wikimedia_compensation
- ^ http://blog.wikimedia.org.uk/2013/04/announcement-qrpedia-donated-to-wikimedia-uk/
- ^ https://wiki.wikimedia.org.uk/w/index.php?title=Water_cooler&diff=prev&oldid=47323
- ^ Chris Keating (Template:ISO date/en). “[ QRpedia]”. Wikimediauk-l Archives.Template:Cite web/error “At least one Wikimedia chapter has received letters from people who purport that QRpedia infringes on various patents.”
- ^ http://lists.wikimedia.org/pipermail/wikimediauk-l/2013-June/010962.html