Wikipedia:Former featured articles

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Former featured articles

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This page lists articles that used to be featured articles, but were demoted because they do not meet current featured article criteria. Featured articles can only be demoted through a consensus derived through discussion at the Featured article review page. The removal discussions for the former featured articles listed below can be found in the featured article review archive.

Of course, the articles listed here do not have to stay here: please be bold in updating and improving these pages, and help make them featured articles again.

Of the 964 articles that have lost featured status, the 43 that have been re-promoted are listed at the bottom of the page. The articles in bold have been featured on the Main Page.

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Contents

Art, architecture and archaeology[edit]

Art competitions at the Olympic Games · Art in ancient Greece · Article 153 of the Constitution of Malaysia · Baroque · Buddhist art · Cathedral of Magdeburg · Salvador Dalí · Deconstructivism · Diego Velázquez · Fancy cancel · Graffiti · History of erotic depictions · Irish Houses of Parliament · Kengir uprising · Leonardo da Vinci · Oxyrhynchus · Palace of Westminster · Parthenon · Point Park Civic Center · Radhanite · Rembrandt · Robert Lawson (architect) · Shotgun house · Templon · Xanadu Houses

Awards, decorations and vexillology[edit]

Flag of the Republic of China · Flag of South Africa · Hero of Ukraine · History of merit badges (Boy Scouts of America)

Biology[edit]

Action potential · Antarctic krill · Aquarium · Bioinformatics · Brolga · Chemical synapse · Cladistics · Cat · Coconut crab · Emu · Frog · Gray wolf · Homo floresiensis · Human · Introduction to evolution · Island fox · Krill · Marginated tortoise · Mixed-breed dog · Mitochondrial Eve · Pufferfish · Race (classification of humans) · Sperm whale · U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program · Whale sounds

Business, economics and finance[edit]

€2 commemorative coins · Bank of China (Hong Kong) · Billboard · Celtic Tiger · Dime (United States coin) · Economics · Economy of Africa · Economy of India · Economy of the Republic of Ireland · Euro · Gold standard · Labour economics · Mercantilism · Strategic management · Supply and demand

Chemistry and mineralogy[edit]

Alchemy · Ammolite · Caffeine · Damascus steel · Glass · Linus Pauling · Lysergic acid diethylamide · Paracetamol · Periodic table · Turquoise

Computing[edit]

Acorn Computers · Application programming interface · Architecture of Btrieve · Architecture of Windows NT · ASCII · Btrieve · C (programming language) · Central processing unit · Color Graphics Adapter · Commodore 64 · CUPS · Computer security · CPU cache · Data Encryption Standard · Emacs · Floppy disk · GNU/Linux naming controversy · History of computing hardware · HTTP cookie · Java (programming language) · Macintosh · Markup language · Microsoft Data Access Components · Firefox · Quantum computer · Reduced instruction set computing · PaX · Phishing · Search engine (computing) · Sequence alignment · Spam (electronic) · Spyware · Ubuntu (operating system) · World Wide Web · X Window System · X Window System core protocol · Windows 2000 · Windows XP

Culture and society[edit]

Assassination · Bathing machine · Black Seminoles · Boy Scouts of America membership controversies · British African-Caribbean community‎ · Removal of cannabis from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act · David Helvarg · Exploding whale · Freemasonry · Gender role · Iranian peoples · Kibbutz · Kitsch · Korean name · Mail · Mandan · Imagery of nude celebrities · Pashtun people · Pet skunk · Prostitution · Prostitution in the People's Republic of China · Same-sex marriage · Sociocultural evolution · Spring-heeled Jack · Swastika · Toilets in Japan · Virginia Tech massacre · Yuan (surname)

Education[edit]

Academia · Caulfield Grammar School · Cornell University · Encyclopædia Britannica · Hopkins School · Indian Institutes of Technology · Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur · Peer review · Rajshahi University · Wikipedia

Engineering and technology[edit]

Automatic number plate recognition · Beverage-can stove · Canon T90 · Compact Cassette · Crash test dummy · AC power plugs and sockets · Eifel Aqueduct · Electronic amplifier · Enigma machine · Fountain pen · Horseshoe · International Space Station · Isambard Kingdom Brunel · Jarmann M1884 · Jet engine · Kammerlader · Krag-Jørgensen · Krag-Petersson · Mini · Mini Moke · Pattern welding · Phonograph cylinder · Plug-in hybrid · Radar · Saturn V · Space Shuttle Challenger disaster · Spacecraft propulsion · Speech synthesis · Telephone exchange · Three Laws of Robotics · Typewriter · Zuiderzee Works

Food and drink[edit]

Absinthe · Beer · Black pepper · Butter · Cheese · Coca-Cola · Kashrut · Norman Borlaug · Paleolithic diet · Single malt Scotch · Tea

Geography and places[edit]

Ahmedabad · Aztalan State Park · Bangladesh · Belgium · Bhutan · Bratislava · Buckinghamshire · Cambodia · Cape Horn · Cape Town · Carlsbad Caverns National Park · Chinatown · City status in the United Kingdom · Colditz Castle · Dogpatch USA · Delhi · Dorset · Dundee · Éire · Enclave and exclave · Geography of India · Goa · Golden Gate Park · Great Mosque of Djenné · Historic counties of England · Hong Kong · Isan · Israel · Jerusalem · Johannesburg · Kalimpong · Kaziranga National Park · Kerala · Kochi · Ladakh · Lastovo · Libya · Louisville, Kentucky · Malwa · Marshall, Texas · Montparnasse · Moorgate · Mount Rushmore · Mumbai · Nepal · National parks of England and Wales · Newark, New Jersey · New York City · Niagara Falls · Oakland Cemetery (Atlanta) · Pakistan · China · Piccadilly Circus · Principality of Sealand · Provinces of Thailand · Rondane National Park · San Jose, California · Sarajevo · Shahbag · Sheffield · Sikkim · South Africa · Suburbs of Johannesburg · Technopark, Trivandrum · Turkey · Vancouver · Whitstable · Zambezi

Geology and geophysics[edit]

Eldfell · Geologic time scale · Geyser · 1755 Lisbon earthquake · Mount Pinatubo · Plate tectonics · Silverpit crater

Health and medicine[edit]

AIDS · Anabolic steroid · Asthma · Baby Gender Mentor · Bloodletting · Breastfeeding · Cystic fibrosis · Down syndrome · Gene · Lesch–Nyhan syndrome · Médecins Sans Frontières · Prostate cancer · Pneumonia · Severe acute respiratory syndrome · Stuttering · Tooth enamel · Tooth development · Tuberculosis

History[edit]

1993 Russian constitutional crisis · 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings · Adoption in ancient Rome · Athanasius Kircher · Attila · Bath School disaster · Behistun Inscription · Carl G. Fisher · Franklin B. Gowen · Che Guevara · Claudius · Columbine High School massacre · Congo Free State · Dayuan · Adriaen van der Donck · Dreyfus affair · Eureka Stockade · Ferdinand Magellan · First Crusade · Franks · Grace Sherwood · Growth of the Old Swiss Confederacy · Habsburg Spain · Hamlet chicken processing plant fire · Helen Gandy · History of Alaska · History of Arizona · History of Cape Colony from 1806 to 1870 · History of Cape Colony from 1870 to 1899 · History of Central Asia · History of Germany · History of Greenland · History of the Jews in Poland · History of Limerick · History of Miami · History of the Netherlands · History of New Jersey · History of the Philippines · History of Portugal (1777–1834) · History of Russia (1992–present) · History of Russia · History of Scotland · Hrafnkels saga · East India Company · Ike Altgens · Indo-Greeks · Indus Valley Civilization · Italian Renaissance · Julius Caesar · Ku Klux Klan · Leopold and Loeb · Llywelyn the Great · Mark Antony · Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi · Muhammad Ali Jinnah · 1965 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak · Penny (English coin) · Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth · Project MKULTRA · Vallabhbhai Patel · Sassanid Empire · September 11 attacks · Sheikh Mujibur Rahman · Sino-Soviet split · Space Race · Sun Yat-sen · Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 · Mark Felt · William Nelson Page · Ziad Jarrah · Ziaur Rahman

Language and linguistics[edit]

Aramaic language · American English · Aryan Invasion Theory (history and controversies) · Bengali language · Gbe languages · Ido · Laal language · Leet · Mandarin Chinese · Names of the Greeks · Noam Chomsky · Portuguese language · Russian language · Split infinitive · Taiwanese Hokkien · Thou · Vowel · Voynich manuscript · Vulgar Latin

Law[edit]

Article One of the United States Constitution · Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms · Common scold · Constitution of May 3, 1791 · Copyright · Dred Scott v. Sandford · Equal Protection Clause · First Amendment to the United States Constitution · French law on secularity and conspicuous religious symbols in schools · Law · Lawrence v. Texas · Murder of James Bulger · Negligence · Paragraph 175 · Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949 · Section summary of the USA PATRIOT Act, Title II · Separation of powers under the United States Constitution · Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs · Supreme Court of the United States · Texas Ranger Division · Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution · United States Bill of Rights · United States Constitution · USA PATRIOT Act, Title III, Subtitle A

Literature and theatre[edit]

African-American literature · Alliterative verse · American poetry · Augustan drama · Augustan literature · The Brothers Karamazov · Calvin and Hobbes · The Cantos · Chuck Palahniuk · Crime fiction · Cyberpunk · Douglas Adams · English poetry · Foundation series · The Giver · H. P. Lovecraft · Henry James · The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy · Irish poetry · Irish theatre · Isaac Asimov · John Vanbrugh · Jonathan Wild · Kazi Nazrul Islam · Krazy Kat · The Lord of the Rings · Medieval literature · Middle-earth · Modernist poetry in English · Muhammad Iqbal · Nella Larsen · Objectivist poets · The Old Man and the Sea · Oroonoko · Peterborough Chronicle · The Protocols of the Elders of Zion · Restoration comedy · Restoration literature · Robert A. Heinlein · Rudyard Kipling · Syed Ahmed Khan · Samuel Beckett · A Tale of a Tub · Thomas Pynchon · "Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius" · Thunderball · Turkish literature · Villain · William Monahan · The Wonderful Wizard of Oz

Mathematics[edit]

Ackermann function · Algorithm · Blaise Pascal · Carl Friedrich Gauss · Computational complexity theory · Cryptography · Eigenvalues and eigenvectors · Fractal · Game theory · Illegal prime · Margin of error · Metrication · Monty Hall problem · Paul Erdős · Prisoner's dilemma · Pythagorean theorem · Regular polytope · Triangle · Trigonometric functions · Vacuous truth

Media[edit]

35 mm film · Alfred Hitchcock · All your base are belong to us · Andrew Van de Kamp · Anthony Michael Hall · Arrested Development (TV series) · Avatar: The Last Airbender · BBC television drama · Blackadder · Blackface · Buffy the Vampire Slayer (TV series) · Captain Marvel (DC Comics) · Characters of Kingdom Hearts · Cheers · Coronation Street · Countdown (game show) · Dalek · Dawson's Creek · Doctor Who · Dog Day Afternoon · Karen Dotrice · Excel Saga · Felix the Cat · Gremlins · Gremlins 2: The New Batch · Halloween (1978 film) · Have I Got News for You · Henry Fonda · Hong Kong action cinema · Humphrey Bogart · Ian McKellen · Jaws (film) · Jim Henson · Julia Stiles · Kung Fu Hustle · Lindsay Lohan · Lost (TV series) · Manos: The Hands of Fate · Martha Stewart · Memory Alpha · Nineteen Eighty-Four · Not the Nine O'Clock News · November (film) · Our Gang · Padmé Amidala · Richard III · Ran · Scooby-Doo · Serial Experiments Lain · Sharon Tate · Spoo · Star Trek · Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace · Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones · Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith · Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope · Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back · Stephen Colbert at the 2006 White House Correspondents' Association Dinner · TARDIS · The Boondock Saints · The Office (US TV series) · The West Wing · Triumph of the Will · Uma Thurman · V for Vendetta (film) · Western (genre) · WGA screenwriting credit system

Meteorology[edit]

2004 Atlantic hurricane season · 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami · Cyclone Tracy · 1900 Galveston hurricane · Hurricane Dennis · Hurricane Floyd · Hurricane Katrina · Meteorological history of Tropical Storm Allison · Weather lore

Music[edit]

"A Day in the Life" · "A Hard Day's Night" (song) · Alison Krauss · Blues · Charles Ives · Concept album · "Cool" (song) · Donegal fiddle tradition · Dream Theater · Duran Duran · Eurovision Song Contest · Genesis (band) · "Get Back" · Gram Parsons · Gramophone record · Guqin · Hip hop music · Himno Nacional Mexicano · "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" · "I Want to Hold Your Hand" · Illmatic · Iron Maiden · The Jackson 5 · Jazz · Johnny Cash · "Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me)" · The KLF · k-os · Lollapalooza · Louis Armstrong · Mandy Moore · Marilyn Manson (band) · Megadeth · Metal umlaut · Miles Davis · Mor lam · Music of Minnesota · Music of Nigeria · Nightwish · Phil Collins · Pink Floyd · Porgy and Bess · "Real Love" (John Lennon song) · Roy Orbison · Salsa music · Saxophone · Schabir Shaik trial · "She Loves You" · Simon & Garfunkel · Sly and the Family Stone · Smile (Brian Wilson album) · Social history of the piano · Igor Stravinsky · New Radicals · The Temptations · Timpani · Vanilla Ninja · The Waterboys · "Weird Al" Yankovic · Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart · Woody Guthrie · "Yesterday" (song)

Philosophy and psychology[edit]

Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi · Frankfurt School · Law of Demeter · Ludwig Wittgenstein · Max Weber · Michel Foucault · Milgram experiment · Omnipotence paradox · Paradox · Parapsychology · Psychosis · Søren Kierkegaard

Physics and astronomy[edit]

Albert Einstein · ATLAS experiment · Black hole · Carl Sagan · Comet · Cold fusion · Fermi paradox · Galileo Galilei · Herbig–Haro object · Isaac Newton · Open cluster · Quantum mechanics · Rainbow · Richard Feynman · Roche limit · Soap bubble

Politics and government[edit]

2004 Democratic National Convention · Washington gubernatorial election, 2004 · Abraham Lincoln · Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. · Anschluss · Bruce Johnson (Ohio politician) · Bruno Kreisky · House of Commons of Canada · Charles Graner · Canadian federal election, 1993 · Commonwealth of Nations · Convention on Psychotropic Substances · Daniel Webster · Democratic Labour Party (Trinidad and Tobago) · European Union · Franklin D. Roosevelt · George Brown, Baron George-Brown · Government of Maryland · Governor-General of India · Harry S. Truman · House of Commons of the United Kingdom · House of Lords · Hugo Chávez · Hutton Inquiry · Indian Standard Time · James K. Polk · Japanese general election, 2003 · Jean Schmidt · John Major · L. Paul Bremer · Liberal Democrats leadership election, 2006 · Liberal Party of Canada leadership election, 1968 · Liberal Party (Utah) · Libertarian socialism · Libertarianism · Lord Chancellor · Margaret Thatcher · Mark Latham · Marshall Plan · Mordechai Vanunu · Nicolas Sarkozy · Parliament of Canada · Parliament of the United Kingdom · Political correctness · President of Ireland · President of the United States · Prime Minister of the United Kingdom · Propaganda · Ralph Yarborough · Reginald Maudling · Republic of China presidential election, 2004 · Robert Walpole · Senate of Canada · Sid McMath · Single transferable vote · Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom) · Speaker of the United States House of Representatives · Theodore Roosevelt · Tom Brinkman · Tony Blair · Tynwald Day · Electoral College (United States) · United States Congress · United States House of Representatives · United States Senate · Voter turnout · Voting system · Władysław Sikorski · Yoweri Museveni · Zionism

Religion, mysticism and mythology[edit]

Adi Shankara · Anno Domini · Authorized King James Version · Cardinal Richelieu · Bible code · Buddhism · Christianity · Christmas · Ebionites · End time · Father Damien · Golden plates · Greco-Buddhism · Hebrew calendar · Hinduism · History of Buddhism · Holy Prepuce · Islam · Knights of Columbus · Names of God in Judaism · Noah's Ark · Original sin · Papal conclave · Papal Tiara · Fred Phelps · Presuppositional apologetics · Revised Standard Version · Shakers · Shroud of Turin · Sikhism · Sons of Noah · Space opera in Scientology scripture

Royalty, nobility and heraldry[edit]

Anne, Queen of Great Britain · Canadian Heraldic Authority · Bhumibol Adulyadej · Charles I of England · Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava · Gunnhild, Mother of Kings · Henry VIII of England · Hereditary peer · History of the Peerage · Louis XIV of France · Mary I of England · Peerage · Prince-elector · Stanisław Koniecpolski · Sverre of Norway · William the Silent

Sport and recreation[edit]

2007 UEFA Champions League Final · Amateur radio direction finding · Amateur radio in India · Anatoly Karpov · The Ashes · Blackjack · Brian Close · Denis Law · Bullfighting · Chicago Bears · Cricket · Everton F.C. · Fanny Blankers-Koen · Formula One · Garry Kasparov · Go (game) · History of Test cricket from 1877 to 1883 · History of Test cricket from 1884 to 1889 · Lego · Lottie Dod · Monopoly (game) · Montreal Canadiens · Nellie Kim · New England Patriots · Olympic Flame · Paul Morphy · Poker · Pub quiz · Rock-paper-scissors · Seabiscuit · Sheffield Wednesday F.C. · Simon Byrne · Steer wrestling · Steve Dalkowski · Sudoku · Summer Olympic Games · Suzanne Lenglen · Ted Radcliffe · Weight training · Xiangqi

Transport[edit]

Air Force One · Auto rickshaw · BC Rail · Ben Gurion International Airport · Bicycle · Biman Bangladesh Airlines · Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport · Căile Ferate Române · Canadian Pacific Railway · Civil Air Patrol · DeLorean DMC-12 · El Al · Ford Mustang · Indian Railways · London Underground · Mercedes-Benz 450SEL 6.9 · Montréal-Mirabel International Airport · Panama Canal · Pan American World Airways · Rail transport in India · RMS Titanic · Road transport · Ryanair · San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge · SkyTrain (Vancouver) · Space elevator · SS Andrea Doria · TGV · Volkswagen Type 2 · Warren County Canal · Wigwag (railroad) · Zeppelin

Video gaming[edit]

3D Monster Maze · Bishōjo game · Bulbasaur · BZFlag · Devil May Cry 2 · Doom (video game) · Final Fantasy IV · Final Fantasy VII · Golden age of arcade video games · Goomba · Half-Life 2 · Lakitu · Link (The Legend of Zelda) · Metal Gear Solid · Nintendo Entertainment System · Oddworld: Abe's Oddysee · PlayStation 3 · Supreme Commander (video game) · Torchic · Wario

Warfare[edit]

Able Archer 83 · Aleksandr Vasilevsky · Algerian Civil War · Attack on Pearl Harbor · AK-47 · Battle of Alesia · Battle of Aljubarrota · Battle of the Bulge · Battle of Hampton Roads · Battle of Inchon · Battle of Jutland · Battle of Leyte Gulf · Battle of Smolensk (1943) · Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress · Battle of the Somme · Battle of Warsaw (1920) · Blitzkrieg · Chemical warfare · Convair B-36 · Cristero War · Defense of Sihang Warehouse · Invasion of Normandy · Erich von Manstein · Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II · First Battle of the Stronghold · Husein Gradaščević · Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson · Imperial Japanese Navy · Invasion · Invasion of Poland · Iowa class battleship · Iraqi insurgency · Kargil War · Karl Dönitz · Lord's Resistance Army insurgency · Military brat (U.S. subculture) · Military history of Canada · Military history of France · Military history of the Soviet Union · Nuclear weapon · Operation Market Garden · Origins of the American Civil War · Peloponnesian War · Chemical weapons in World War I · Puerto Ricans in World War II · Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618) · Richard O'Connor · Russian–Circassian War · Russian Ground Forces · S-mine · Siege · Sino-German cooperation (1911–1941) · Soviet invasion of Poland · Submarine · Swedish allotment system · T-34 · Tank · Third Battle of Kharkov · Trench warfare · United States Marine Corps · USS Bridgeport (AD-10) · USS Kentucky (BB-66) · Virtuti Militari · War elephant · War of the Spanish Succession · Warsaw Uprising · Warsaw Uprising (1794) · White Rose · World War I · Yom Kippur War · Abu Musab al-Zarqawi

Wikipedia Project pages[edit]

Wikipedia:FAQ · Wikipedia:WikiProject U.S. states

Former featured articles that have been re-promoted[edit]

Autism · Baseball · Bath, Somerset · Belgium · Bodyline · Chetwynd, British Columbia · Execution by elephant · DNA · Definition of planet · Evolution · Fermi paradox · Ernest Hemingway · George II of Great Britain · Hero of Belarus · Hubble Space Telescope · Io (moon) · James II of England · Emperor Norton · Lead(II) nitrate · The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask · London congestion charge · Madonna (entertainer) · Max Weber · National Anthem of Russia · Octopus card · Olympic Games · J. Robert Oppenheimer · Pashtun people · "Pilot" (House) · Platypus · Poetry · Representative peer · Ridge Route · Sesame Street · The Simpsons · Speed of light · Super Mario 64 · Sydney Riot of 1879 · The Beatles · "This Charming Man" · Vampire · Venus · Queen Victoria · Gough Whitlam

Notes: Articles in bold are articles that have been featured on the Main Page. The Wikipedia Project Pages are anomalies – not actual articles, but pages that were considered "brilliant prose" and were subsequently listed as "featured" when the featured article process began. Belgium and Pashtun people were promoted and demoted twice, and are thus listed twice.

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