Bruce Springsteen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen performing at the Roskilde Festival in 2012
Springsteen performing in 2012
Born (1949-09-23) September 23, 1949 (age 74)
Occupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • musician
Spouse(s)
(m. 1985; div. 1989)
(m. 1991)
Children3, including Jessica
RelativesPamela Springsteen (sister)
Musical career
Genres
Instrument(s)
  • Vocals
  • guitar
Years active1964–present
LabelsColumbia
Member ofE Street Band
Websitebrucespringsteen.net

Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen (born September 23, 1949) is an American singer and songwriter. He has released 21 studio albums during a career spanning six decades, most of which feature his backing band, the E Street Band. He is an originator of heartland rock, a genre combining mainstream rock music with poetic and socially conscious lyrics that tell a narrative about working-class American life. Nicknamed "The Boss",[1] he is known for his lyrics and energetic concerts, with performances that can last more than four hours.[2]

Springsteen released his first two albums, Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J. and The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle, in 1973; neither earned him a large audience. He then changed his style and achieved worldwide popularity with Born to Run (1975). This was followed by Darkness on the Edge of Town (1978) and The River (1980), which topped the Billboard 200 chart. After the solo album Nebraska (1982), he reunited with his E Street Band for Born in the U.S.A. (1984), which became his most commercially successful album and one of the best-selling albums of all time. All seven of its singles reached the top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100, including the title track. Springsteen mostly hired session musicians for the recording of his next three albums, Tunnel of Love (1987), Human Touch (1992), and Lucky Town (1992). He reassembled the E Street Band for Greatest Hits (1995), then recorded the acoustic album The Ghost of Tom Joad (1995) and the EP Blood Brothers (1996).

Seven years after releasing The Ghost of Tom JoadTemplate:Emdashthe longest gap between any of his studio albumsTemplate:EmdashSpringsteen released The Rising (2002), which he dedicated to the victims of the 9/11 attacks. He released two more folk albums, Devils & Dust (2005) and We Shall Overcome: The Seeger Sessions (2006), followed by two more albums with the E Street Band: Magic (2007) and Working on a Dream (2009). The next two albums, Wrecking Ball (2012) and High Hopes (2014), topped album charts worldwide. From 2017 to 2018, and again in 2021, Springsteen performed the critically acclaimed one-man show Springsteen on Broadway which saw him perform some of his songs and tell stories from his 2016 autobiography; the album version was released in 2018. He then released the solo album Western Stars (2019), the album Letter to You (2020) with the E Street Band, and a solo cover album Only the Strong Survive (2022). Letter to You reached No. 2 in the U.S. and made Springsteen the first artist to score a top five album across six consecutive decades.[3]

Listed among the album era's most prominent acts, Springsteen has sold more than 71 million albums in the U.S. and over 140 million worldwide, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time. He has earned numerous awards, including 20 Grammy Awards, two Golden Globes, an Academy Award, and a Special Tony Award. He was inducted into both the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1999, received the Kennedy Center Honors in 2009, named MusiCares person of the year in 2013, awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama in 2016, and awarded the National Medal of Arts by President Joe Biden in 2023. He ranked 23rd on Rolling Stone's list of the Greatest Artists of All Time, which described him as being "the embodiment of rock & roll".[4]

Early life[edit]

Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen was born at Monmouth Medical Center in Long Branch, New Jersey, on September 23, 1949.[5] He is of Dutch, Irish, and Italian descent. He grew up Catholic in Freehold, New Jersey. His mother, Adele Ann (née Zerilli; born 1925), was originally from the Bay Ridge neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York.[6] She worked as a legal secretary and was the main breadwinner in the family.[7] His father, Douglas Frederick "Dutch" Springsteen (1924–1998),[8][9] worked various jobs such as a bus driver.[8] His father had mental health issues throughout his life, which worsened in his later years.[10] Springsteen has two younger sisters named Virginia and Pamela (born c. 1962). The latter had a brief acting career, but left to pursue photography and later took photos for his albums Human Touch, Lucky Town, and The Ghost of Tom Joad.[11]

Springsteen's Italian maternal grandfather was born in Vico Equense and emigrated through Ellis Island.[12] He could not read or write when he arrived. He eventually became a lawyer and impressed the young Springsteen as being "larger than life".[13] The Springsteen surname originates in the Dutch province of Groningen[14] and is topographic, literally translating to "jump stone" and meaning a stepping stone used on unpaved streets or between two houses.[15] The Springsteens were among the early Dutch families who settled in the colony of New Netherland in the 1600s.[16]

Springsteen attended the St. Rose of Lima Catholic school in Freehold, where he was at odds with the nuns and rebelled against the strictures imposed upon him, though some of his later music reflected a Catholic ethos and included Irish-Catholic hymns with a rock music twist.[17] In a 2012 interview, he explained that it was his Catholic upbringing rather than his political ideology that most influenced his music. He said his faith had given him a "very active spiritual life" but joked that this "made it very difficult sexually" and added "once a Catholic, always a Catholic".[10][18] He grew up hearing fellow New Jersey singer Frank Sinatra on the radio, and became interested in being a musician at the age of seven when he saw Elvis Presley's performances on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1956 and 1957. Soon after, his mother rented him a guitar from Mike Diehl's Music in Freehold for $6 a week, but it failed to provide him with the instant gratification he desired.[19]

In ninth grade, Springsteen began attending the public Freehold High School, but did not fit in there either. A former teacher said he was a "loner who wanted nothing more than to play his guitar". He graduated in 1967, but felt so alienated that he skipped his graduation ceremony.[20] He briefly attended Ocean County College, but dropped out.[17] Upon being drafted when he was 19, Springsteen failed the physical examination and avoided service in the Vietnam War because the concussion he had suffered in a motorcycle accident two years prior (and his behavior at induction) reportedly made him unacceptable for service.[21] In 1969, when he was 20 years old, Springsteen's parents and sister Pamela moved to San Mateo, California; he and his sister Virginia, who was married and pregnant, stayed in Freehold.[22][23][24][25]

Career[edit]

Ordinary life in Jersey Shore beach towns such as Asbury Park are the background to Springsteen's early lyrics.

1964–1972: Early career[edit]

This was different, shifted the lay of the land. Four guys, playing and singing, writing their own material. [...] Rock 'n' roll came to my house where there seemed to be no way out [...] and opened up a whole world of possibilities.

—Springsteen on the impact of the Beatles[26]

In 1964, Springsteen saw the Beatles' televised appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show. Inspired, he bought his first guitar for $18.95 at the Western Auto appliance store.[26][27] Thereafter, he started playing for audiences with a band called the Rogues at local venues, including Elks Lodge in Freehold.[28] Later that year, his mother took out a loan to buy him a $60 Kent guitar, an act he later memorialized in his song "The Wish". In 1965, he went to the house of Tex and Marion Vinyard, who sponsored young bands in town. They helped him become the lead guitarist and subsequently one of the lead singers of the Castiles. The band recorded two original songs at a public recording studio in Brick Township and played a variety of venues, including Cafe Wha? in Greenwich Village; Marion Vinyard said that she believed the young Springsteen when he promised he would make it big.[29][30] In the late 1960s, Springsteen performed briefly in a power trio known as Earth, playing in clubs in New Jersey, with one major show at the Hotel Diplomat in New York City.[29]

From 1969 through early 1971, Springsteen performed with the band Child, which later changed its name to Steel Mill and included Danny Federici, Vini Lopez, Vinnie Roslin, and later Steve Van Zandt and Robbin Thompson. During this time, they performed regularly at venues on the Jersey Shore, especially The Stone Pony. They also played in Richmond, Virginia,[31] Nashville, Tennessee, and California,[29] quickly gathering a cult following. A San Francisco Examiner review of their show at The Matrix by music critic Philip Elwood gave Springsteen early credibility. In his glowing assessment of Steel Mill, Elwood wrote that he had "never been so overwhelmed by a totally unknown talent"[32] and called the band "the first big thing that's happened to Asbury Park since the good ship Morro Castle burned to the waterline of that Jersey beach in '34".[33] Elwood went on to praise the band's "cohesive musicality" and, in particular, singled out Springsteen as "a most impressive composer".[34] In San Mateo, Steel Mill recorded three original Springsteen songs at Pacific Recording.[35]

As Springsteen sought to shape a unique and genuine musical and lyrical style, he performed with the bands Dr. Zoom & the Sonic Boom from early-to-mid-1971, the Sundance Blues Band in mid-1971, and the Bruce Springsteen Band from mid-1971 to mid-1972.[36] His prolific songwriting ability included, as his future record label would describe it in early publicity campaigns, "more words in some individual songs than other artists had in whole albums". He brought his skills to the attention of several people who went on to prove influential to his career development, including new managers Mike Appel and Jim Cretecos, who in turn brought him to the attention of Columbia Records talent scout John Hammond. Hammond auditioned Springsteen in May 1972.[37]

In October 1972, Springsteen formed a new band for the recording of his debut album, Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J. The band eventually became known as the E Street Band, although the name was not used until September 1974.[38][39] Springsteen acquired the nickname "The Boss" during this period, since he took on the task of collecting his band's nightly pay and distributing it amongst his bandmates.[40] The nickname also reportedly sprang from games of Monopoly that Springsteen would play with other Jersey Shore musicians.[41]

1972–1974: Initial struggle[edit]

Springsteen was signed to Columbia Records in 1972 by Clive Davis after having piqued the interest of John Hammond, who had signed Bob Dylan to the same label a decade earlier. Despite the expectations of Columbia Records' executives that Springsteen would record an acoustic album, he brought many of his New Jersey-based colleagues into the studio with him, and formed the E Street Band (although the band would not be formally named for several months). His debut album Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J., released in January 1973, established him as a critical favorite,[42] though sales were slow.

Because of Springsteen's lyrical poeticism and folk rock-rooted music exemplified on tracks like "Blinded by the Light"[note 1] and "For You", as well as the Columbia and Hammond connections, critics initially compared Springsteen to Dylan. "He sings with a freshness and urgency I haven't heard since I was rocked by 'Like a Rolling Stone'" wrote Crawdaddy magazine editor Peter Knobler in Springsteen's first interview/profile in March 1973. Photographs for that original profile were taken by Ed Gallucci.[43][44] Crawdaddy discovered Springsteen in the rock press and was his earliest champion. Knobler profiled him in Crawdaddy three times, in 1973, 1975 and 1978.[45] (Springsteen and the E Street Band acknowledged the magazine's support by giving a private performance at the Crawdaddy 10th Anniversary Party in New York City in June 1976.)[46] Music critic Lester Bangs wrote in Creem in 1975 that when Springsteen's first album was released "... many of us dismissed it: he wrote like Bob Dylan and Van Morrison, sang like Van Morrison and Robbie Robertson, and led a band that sounded like Van Morrison's".[47]

In September 1973, Springsteen's second album, The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle, was released. Like Greetings from Asbury Park, it was met with critical acclaim but limited commercial success. Springsteen's songs became grander in form and scope with the E Street Band providing a less folksy, more rhythm and blues vibe, and the lyrics often romanticized teenage street life. "4th of July, Asbury Park (Sandy)" and "Incident on 57th Street" became fan favorites, and the long, rousing "Rosalita (Come Out Tonight)" continues to rank among Springsteen's most beloved concert numbers. "Rosalita" is the ninth most played song in his catalog; as of June 2020, it has been played by Springsteen 809 times.[48]

After seeing Springsteen's performance at the Harvard Square Theater, music critic Jon Landau wrote in the May 22, 1974, issue of Boston's The Real Paper: "I saw rock and roll future, and its name is Bruce Springsteen. And on a night when I needed to feel young, he made me feel like I was hearing music for the very first time."[49] Landau helped to finish the epic new album Born to Run and subsequently became Springsteen's manager and producer. Given an enormous budget in a last-ditch effort at a commercially viable record, Springsteen became bogged down in the recording process while striving for a "Wall of Sound" production. But when his manager, Mike Appel, orchestrated the release of an early mix of "Born to Run" to nearly a dozen radio stations, anticipation built toward the album's release.[50]

The album took more than 14 months to record with six months alone spent on developing the song "Born to Run". During this time, Springsteen battled with anger and frustration over the album, saying he heard "sounds in [his] head" that he could not explain to the others in the studio. It was during a recording session of "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out", on July 13, 1975, that Steve Van Zandt was asked by Springsteen and Jon Landau to take charge and instruct the horn players. They both knew he was playing guitar and managing Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes, who had the sound they were seeking. Van Zandt "sang each horn player his part, with the lines, the timing and the inflection all perfect. The musicians played their parts, and the horns were recorded. When they finished, Springsteen turned to Mike Appel and said, "Okay. It's time to put the boy on the payroll. I've been meaning to tell you, he's the new guitar player."[51] Van Zandt joined the E Street Band a week later on July 20, the opening night of the Born to Run tour. He also helped Springsteen perfect "Born to Run" by adding its memorable guitar line. In the 2005 documentary Wings for Wheels,[52] Springsteen called his friend's input on the track's main riff "arguably Steve's greatest contribution to my music."[53]

The album was completed on July 25. But at the end of the grueling recording sessions, Springsteen was still unsatisfied. Upon first hearing the finished album, he threw it into the alley; another master was so bad that Springsteen flung it out of his hotel room window and into a river. He was going to scrap half of it, he told Appel, and substitute live recordings for upcoming show dates at The Bottom Line in New York City, a venue where he often played.[54]

1975–1983: Born to Run and breakthrough success[edit]

Springsteen and the E Street Band, February 1977

On August 13, 1975, Springsteen and the E Street Band began a five-night, 10-show stand at New York's The Bottom Line club. The 10-show stand attracted media attention and was broadcast live on WNEW-FM. Decades later, Rolling Stone magazine named the stand one of the "50 Moments That Changed Rock and Roll".[55]

Born to Run was released on August 25, 1975. It proved to be a breakthrough album[56][57][58] that catapulted Springsteen to worldwide fame.[59] The album peaked at No. 3 on the Billboard 200, and while reception at US top 40 radio outlets for the album's two singles was not overwhelming ("Born to Run" reached a modest No. 23 on the Billboard charts, and "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out" peaked at No. 83), almost every track on the album received album-oriented rock airplay, especially "Born to Run", "Thunder Road", "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out", and "Jungleland", all of which remain perennial favorites on many classic rock stations.[citation needed] In October 1975, Springsteen appeared on the covers of both Newsweek and Time in the same week.[60][61] So great did the wave of publicity become that he eventually rebelled against it during his first venture overseas, tearing down promotional posters before a concert appearance in London.[62]

A legal battle with former manager Mike Appel kept Springsteen out of the studio for nearly a year, during which time he kept the E Street Band together through extensive touring across the U.S. Despite the optimistic fervor with which he often performed, Springsteen's new songs sounded more somber than much of his previous work. Reaching settlement with Appel in 1977, Springsteen returned to the studio, and the subsequent sessions produced Darkness on the Edge of Town (1978). Musically, this album was a turning point in Springsteen's career. Gone were the raw, rapid-fire lyrics, outsized characters, and long, multi-part musical compositions of the first three albums; the songs were leaner and more carefully drawn and began to reflect Springsteen's growing intellectual and political awareness. The cross-country 1978 tour to promote the album would become legendary for the intensity and length of its shows.[63]

By the late 1970s, Springsteen earned a reputation as a songwriter whose material could provide hits for other bands. Manfred Mann's Earth Band had achieved a U.S. No. 1 pop hit with a heavily rearranged version of Greetings' "Blinded by the Light" in early 1977. Patti Smith reached No. 13 with her version of Springsteen's unreleased "Because the Night" with revised lyrics by Smith in 1978. The Pointer Sisters hit No. 2 in 1979 with Springsteen's then unreleased "Fire". Between 1976 and 1978, Springsteen provided four compositions to Southside Johnny & the Asbury Jukes, including "The Fever" and "Hearts of Stone", and collaborated on four more with Steven Van Zandt, producer of their first three albums.[64]

In September 1979, Springsteen and the E Street Band joined the Musicians United for Safe Energy anti-nuclear power collective at Madison Square Garden for two nights, playing an abbreviated set while premiering two songs from his upcoming album. The subsequent No Nukes live album, as well as the following summer's No Nukes documentary film, represented the first official recordings and footage of Springsteen's fabled live act and Springsteen's first tentative dip into political involvement.[65]

Springsteen continued to focus on working class life with the 20-song double album The River in 1980, which included an intentionally paradoxical range of material from good time party rockers to emotionally intense ballads, and finally yielded his first hit top ten single as a performer, "Hungry Heart".[66] The album sold well, becoming his first No. 1 on the Billboard Pop Albums chart.[67]

The River was released in 1982 followed by the stark solo acoustic Nebraska. According to the Dave Marsh's biographies, Springsteen was depressed when he wrote this material, resulting in a brutal depiction of American life. While Nebraska did not sell as well as Springsteen's three previous albums, it garnered widespread critical praise, including being named "Album of the Year" by Rolling Stone magazine's critics, and influenced later works by other major artists.[citation needed]

1984–1986: Born in the U.S.A. and cultural phenomenon[edit]

Springsteen is probably best known for his album Born in the U.S.A. (1984), which sold 15 million copies in the U.S., 30 million worldwide, and became one of the best-selling albums of all time with seven singles hitting the Top 10. The title track was a bitter commentary on the treatment of Vietnam veterans, some of whom were Springsteen's friends. The lyrics in the verses were entirely unambiguous when listened to, but the anthemic music and the title of the song made it hard for many, from politicians to the common person, to get the lyrics—except those in the chorus, which could be read many ways.[68] The song made a huge political impact, as he was advocating for the rights of the common working-class man.[69]

The song was widely misinterpreted as jingoistic, and in connection with the 1984 presidential campaign became the subject of considerable folklore. In 1984, conservative columnist George Will attended a Springsteen concert and then wrote a column praising Springsteen's work ethic. Six days after the column was printed, in a campaign rally in Hammonton, New Jersey, President Ronald Reagan said, "America's future rests in a thousand dreams inside your hearts. It rests in the message of hope in the songs of a man so many young Americans admire—New Jersey's own, Bruce Springsteen." Two nights later, at a concert in Pittsburgh, Springsteen told the crowd, "Well, the president was mentioning my name in his speech the other day and I kind of got to wondering what his favorite album of mine must've been, you know? I don't think it was the Nebraska album. I don't think he's been listening to this one." He then began playing "Johnny 99", with its allusions to closing factories and criminals.[70]

"Dancing in the Dark" was the biggest of seven hit singles from Born in the U.S.A., peaking at No. 2 on the Billboard singles chart. The video for the song showed a young Courteney Cox dancing on stage with Springsteen, which helped start the actress's career. The song "Cover Me" was written by Springsteen for Donna Summer, but his record company persuaded him to keep it for the new album. A big fan of Summer's work, Springsteen wrote another song for her, "Protection". Videos for the album were directed by Brian De Palma and John Sayles. Springsteen played on the "We Are the World" song and album in 1985. His live track "Trapped" from that album received moderate airplay on US Top 40 stations as well as reaching No. 1 on the Billboard Top Rock Tracks chart.[71]

Springsteen at Félix Houphouët-Boigny International Airport in Côte d’Ivoire during Amnesty International's 1988 Human Rights Now! Tour

The Born in the U.S.A. period represented the height of Springsteen's visibility in popular culture and the broadest audience he would ever reach (aided by the release of Arthur Baker's dance mixes of three of the singles). From June 15 to August 10, 1985, all seven of his albums appeared on the UK Albums Chart: the first time an artist had charted their entire back catalogue simultaneously.[72]

Live/1975–85, a five-record box set (also on three cassettes or three CDs), was released near the end of 1986 and became the first box set to debut at No. 1 on the U.S. album charts. It is one of the most commercially successful live albums of all time, ultimately selling 13 million units in the U.S. During the 1980s, several Springsteen fanzines were launched, including Backstreets magazine.[73]

1987–1991: Tunnel of Love and activism[edit]

Springsteen released the much more sedate and contemplative Tunnel of Love album in 1987. The album is a mature reflection on the many faces of love found, lost and squandered, which only selectively used the E Street Band.[74]

Springsteen performing on the Tunnel of Love Express Tour at the Radrennbahn Weissensee in East Berlin, July 19, 1988

On July 19, 1988, Springsteen's concert in East Germany attracted 300,000 spectators. Journalist Erik Kirschbaum called the concert "the most important rock concert ever, anywhere" in his 2013 book Rocking the Wall. Bruce Springsteen: The Berlin Concert That Changed the World. The concert had been conceived by the Socialist Unity Party's youth wing in an attempt to placate the youth of East Germany, who were hungry for more freedom and the popular music of the West. However, it is Kirschbaum's opinion that the success of the concert catalyzed opposition to the regime in East Germany, and helped contribute to the fall of the Berlin Wall the following year.[75]

Later in 1988, Springsteen headlined the worldwide Human Rights Now! tour for Amnesty International. In late 1989, he dissolved the E Street Band.[76][77]

1992–1998: Academy award, Greatest Hits, and soundtracks[edit]

In 1992, after risking fan accusations of "going Hollywood" by moving to Los Angeles and working with session musicians, Springsteen released two albums at once: Human Touch and Lucky Town.[78]

An electric band appearance on the acoustic MTV Unplugged television program (later released as In Concert/MTV Plugged) was poorly received and cemented fan dissatisfaction.[79] Springsteen seemed to realize this a few years hence when he spoke humorously of his late father during his Rock and Roll Hall of Fame acceptance speech:

I've gotta thank him because—what would I conceivably have written about without him? I mean, you can imagine that if everything had gone great between us, we would have had disaster. I would have written just happy songs—and I tried it in the early '90s and it didn't work; the public didn't like it.[80]

Springsteen won an Academy Award in 1994 for his song "Streets of Philadelphia", which appeared on the soundtrack to the film Philadelphia. The video for the song shows Springsteen's actual vocal performance, recorded using a hidden microphone, to a prerecorded instrumental track. This technique was developed on the "Brilliant Disguise" video.[81]

In 1995, after temporarily re-organizing the E Street Band for a few new songs recorded for his first Greatest Hits album (a recording session that was chronicled in the documentary Blood Brothers), and also one show at Tramps in New York City,[82] he released his second folk album, The Ghost of Tom Joad. The album was inspired by John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath and by Journey to Nowhere: The Saga of the New Underclass, a book by Pulitzer Prize-winning author Dale Maharidge and photographer Michael Williamson. The album was generally less well-received than the similar Nebraska due to the minimal melody, twangy vocals, and political nature of most of the songs; however, some praised it for giving voice to immigrants and others who rarely have one in American culture. The lengthy, worldwide, small-venue solo acoustic Ghost of Tom Joad Tour that followed successfully presented many of his older songs in drastically reshaped acoustic form, although Springsteen had to explicitly remind his audiences to "shut the fuck up" and not to clap during the performances.[83]

Following the tour, Springsteen moved from California back to New Jersey with his family.[84] In 1998, he released the sprawling, four-disc box set of outtakes, Tracks. Later, he would acknowledge that the 1990s were a "lost period" for him: "I didn't do a lot of work. Some people would say I didn't do my best work."[85]

1999–2007: The Rising, Devils & Dust, and other releases[edit]

The scene outside the Giants Stadium parking lot for banner-marked, record-setting, 10-night stand of The Rising Tour during July 2003.

Springsteen was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1999 by Bono (the lead singer of U2), a favor he returned in 2005.[86]

In 1999, Springsteen and the E Street Band reunited and began their extensive Reunion Tour, which lasted over a year. Highlights included a record sold-out, 15-show run at Continental Airlines Arena in East Rutherford, New Jersey and a ten-night, sold-out engagement at New York City's Madison Square Garden. A new song, "American Skin (41 Shots)", about the police shooting of Amadou Diallo, which was played at these shows proved controversial.[87]

In 2002, Springsteen released his first studio effort with the full band in 18 years, The Rising, produced by Brendan O'Brien. The album, mostly a reflection on the September 11 attacks, was a critical and popular success. The title track gained airplay in several radio formats, and the record became Springsteen's best-selling album of new material in 15 years. Kicked off by an early-morning Asbury Park appearance on The Today Show, The Rising Tour commenced; the band barnstormed through a series of single-night arena stands in the U.S. and Europe. Springsteen played an unprecedented 10 nights in Giants Stadium in New Jersey.[88] At the 45th Annual Grammy Awards, The Rising won the Grammy for Best Rock Album and was nominated for the Grammy for Album of the Year. In addition, "The Rising" won the Grammy for Best Rock Song and for Best Male Rock Vocal Performance. It was also nominated for the Grammy Award for Song of the Year.[89] Rolling Stone later named "The Rising" the 35th best song of the decade.[90] VH1 placed it 81st on its list of the "100 Greatest Songs of the '00s".[91]

At the Grammy Awards of 2003, Springsteen performed the Clash's "London Calling" along with Elvis Costello, Dave Grohl, and E Street Band member Steven Van Zandt and No Doubt's bassist, Tony Kanal, in tribute to Joe Strummer.[92] In 2004, Springsteen and the E Street Band participated in the Vote for Change tour, along with John Mellencamp, John Fogerty, the Dixie Chicks, Pearl Jam, R.E.M., Bright Eyes, the Dave Matthews Band, Jackson Browne, and other musicians.

An acoustic guitar number during the solo Devils & Dust Tour performance at the Festhalle Frankfurt, June 15, 2005.

Devils & Dust was released on April 26, 2005, and was recorded without the E Street Band. It is a low-key, mostly acoustic album, in the same vein as Nebraska and The Ghost of Tom Joad. Some of the material was written almost 10 years earlier during, or shortly after, the Ghost of Tom Joad Tour, with a few having been performed then but not released.[93] The title track concerns an ordinary soldier's feelings and fears during the Iraq War. The album entered the charts at No. 1 in 10 countries. Springsteen began the solo Devils & Dust Tour at the same time as the album's release, playing both small and large venues. Attendance was disappointing in a few regions, and everywhere (other than in Europe) tickets were easier to get than in the past.[94]

Springsteen and the Sessions Band performing on their tour at the Fila Forum, Milan, Italy on May 12, 2006.

In April 2006, Springsteen released We Shall Overcome: The Seeger Sessions, an American roots music project focused around a big folk sound treatment of 15 songs popularized by the radical musical activism of Pete Seeger. A tour began the same month, with the 18-strong ensemble of musicians dubbed the Seeger Sessions Band (and later shortened to the Sessions Band). The tour proved very popular in Europe, selling out everywhere and receiving some excellent reviews,[95] but newspapers reported that a number of U.S. shows suffered from sparse attendance.[96][97][98]

Springsteen's next album, entitled Magic, was released on October 2, 2007. Recorded with the E Street Band, it had 10 new Springsteen songs plus "Long Walk Home", performed once with the Sessions band, and a hidden track (the first included on a Springsteen studio release), "Terry's Song", a tribute to Springsteen's long-time assistant Terry Magovern, who died on July 30, 2007.[99] Magic debuted at No. 1 in Ireland and the UK.[100]

It was announced on November 21, 2007, that Springsteen's longtime friend and founding E Street Band member, Danny Federici, would be taking a leave of absence from the Magic Tour to pursue treatment for melanoma. Charles Giordano filled in as Federici's replacement.

2008–2011: Political involvement, Super Bowl XLIII, and Kennedy Center Honors[edit]

Springsteen at a Barack Obama campaign rally
Cleveland, Ohio, on November 2, 2008

Federici returned to the stage on March 20, 2008, for a Springsteen and E Street Band performance in Indianapolis. On April 17, 2008, Federici died of cancer.[101][102]

Springsteen supported Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign.[103] He gave solo acoustic performances in support of Obama's campaign throughout 2008,[104] culminating with a November 2 rally at which he debuted the song "Working on a Dream" in a duet with Scialfa.[105] Following Obama's electoral victory on November 4, Springsteen's song "The Rising" was the first song played over the loudspeakers after Obama's victory speech in Chicago's Grant Park. Springsteen was the musical opener for the Obama Inaugural Celebration on January 18, 2009, which was attended by over 400,000 people.[106] He performed "The Rising" with an all-female choir. Later he performed Woody Guthrie's "This Land Is Your Land" with Pete Seeger.

On January 11, 2009, Springsteen won the Golden Globe Award for Best Song for "The Wrestler", from the Darren Aronofsky film by the same name.[107] After receiving a heartfelt letter from lead actor Mickey Rourke, Springsteen supplied the song for the film for free.[108]

Super Bowl XLIII halftime show on February 1, 2009

Springsteen performed at the halftime show at Super Bowl XLIII on February 1, 2009,[109] agreeing to perform after having declined on prior occasions.[110] A few days before the game, Springsteen gave a rare press conference at which he promised a "twelve-minute party."[111][112] It has been reported that this press conference was Springsteen's first press conference in more than 25 years.[113] His 12-minute 45-second set, with the E Street Band and the Miami Horns, included abbreviated renditions of "Tenth Avenue Freeze-Out", "Born to Run", "Working on a Dream", and "Glory Days", the latter complete with football references in place of the original baseball-themed lyrics. The set of appearances and promotional activities led Springsteen to say, "This has probably been the busiest month of my life."[114]

Springsteen's Working on a Dream album, dedicated to the memory of Danny Federici, was released in late January 2009.[111] The supporting Working on a Dream Tour ran from April 2009 until November 2009. The band performed five final shows at Giants Stadium, opening with a new song highlighting the historic stadium, and Springsteen's Jersey roots, named "Wrecking Ball".[115] A DVD from the Working on a Dream Tour entitled London Calling: Live in Hyde Park was released in 2010.

Fireworks go off at the conclusion of the "E! Street! Band!" exhortation during the final shows at Giants Stadium.

Springsteen received the Kennedy Center Honors on December 6, 2009. President Obama gave a speech in which he asserted that Springsteen had incorporated the lives of regular Americans into his expansive palette of songs. Obama added that Springsteen's concerts were not just rock-and-roll concerts, but "communions". The event included musical tributes from Melissa Etheridge, Ben Harper, John Mellencamp, Jennifer Nettles, Sting, and Eddie Vedder.[116]

The 2000s ended with Springsteen named one of eight Artists of the Decade by Rolling Stone magazine[117] and with Springsteen's tours ranking him fourth among artists in total concert grosses for the decade.[118]

Clarence Clemons, the E Street Band's saxophonist and founding member, died on June 18, 2011, of complications from a stroke.[119]

2012–2018: Autobiography and Broadway show[edit]

Springsteen performing with drummer Max Weinberg behind him, on the Magic Tour stop at Veterans Memorial Arena, Jacksonville, Florida, August 15, 2008

Springsteen's 17th studio album, Wrecking Ball, was released on March 6, 2012. The album consists of eleven tracks plus two bonus tracks. Three songs previously only available as live versions—"Wrecking Ball", "Land of Hope and Dreams", and "American Land"—appear on the album.[120] Wrecking Ball became Springsteen's tenth No. 1 album in the United States, tying him with Elvis Presley for third most No. 1 albums of all time. Only the Beatles (19) and Jay Z (12) have more No. 1 albums.[121]

Following the release of the album, Springsteen and the E Street Band announced plans for the Wrecking Ball Tour, which began on March 18, 2012. On July 31, 2012, in Helsinki, Finland, Springsteen performed his longest concert ever at 4 hours and 6 minutes and 33 songs.[122]

Springsteen campaigned for President Barack Obama's re-election in Ohio, Iowa, Virginia, Pittsburgh, and Wisconsin. At the rallies, he briefly spoke to the audience and performed a short acoustic set that included a newly written song titled "Forward".[123][124][125]

At year's end, the Wrecking Ball Tour was named Top Draw for having the top attendance out of any tour by the Billboard Touring Awards. The tour finished second to Roger Waters, who had the top-grossing tour of 2012.[126] Springsteen finished second only to Madonna as the top money maker of 2012 with $33.44 million.[127] The Wrecking Ball album, along with the single "We Take Care of Our Own", was nominated for three Grammy Awards, including Best Rock Performance and Best Rock Song for "We Take Care of Our Own" and Best Rock Album.[128][129] Rolling Stone named Wrecking Ball the number one album of 2012 on their Top 50 albums of 2012 list.[130]

In late July 2013, the documentary Springsteen & I, directed by Baillie Walsh and produced by Ridley Scott, was released simultaneously via a worldwide cinema broadcast in over 50 countries and in over 2000 movie theaters.[131]

Springsteen released his eighteenth studio album, High Hopes, on January 14, 2014. The first single and video were of a newly recorded version of the song "High Hopes", which Springsteen had previously recorded in 1995. The album was the first by Springsteen in which all songs are either cover songs, newly recorded outtakes from previous records, or newly recorded versions of songs previously released. The 2014 E Street Band touring lineup, along with deceased E Street Band members Clarence Clemons and Danny Federici, appear on the album.[132] High Hopes became Springsteen's eleventh No. 1 album in the US.[133] It was his tenth No. 1 in the UK, tying him for fifth all-time with the Rolling Stones and U2.[134] Rolling Stone named High Hopes the second best album of the year (behind only U2's Songs of Innocence) on their Top 50 Albums of 2014 list.[135]

Springsteen made his acting debut in the final episode of season three of Van Zandt's show Lilyhammer, which was named "Loose Ends" after a Springsteen song on the Tracks album.[136]

On August 6, 2015, Springsteen performed "Land of Hope and Dreams" and "Born to Run" on the final episode of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, as Stewart's final 'Moment of Zen'. On October 16, to celebrate the 35th anniversary of The River, Springsteen announced The Ties That Bind: The River Collection box set. Released on December 4, it contains four CDs (including many previously unreleased songs) and three DVDs (or Blu-ray) along with a 148-page coffee table book. In November 2015, "American Skin (41 Shots)" was performed with John Legend at Shining a Light: A Concert for Progress on Race in America.[137] Springsteen made his first appearance on Saturday Night Live since 2002 on December 19, 2015, performing "Meet Me in the City", "The Ties That Bind", and "Santa Claus Is Coming to Town".[138]

The River Tour 2016 began in January 2016 in support of The Ties That Bind: The River Collection box set. All first-leg shows in North America included an in-sequence performance of the entire The River album along with other songs from Springsteen's catalog, and all dates were recorded and made available for purchase.[139] In April 2016, Springsteen was one of the first artists to boycott North Carolina's anti-transgender bathroom bill.[140] More dates were eventually announced expanding the original three-month tour into a seven-month tour with shows in Europe in May 2016 and another North American leg starting in August 2016 and ending the following month.

On September 23, 2016, Chapter and Verse, a compilation from throughout Springsteen's career dating back to 1966, was released. On September 27, 2016, Simon & Schuster published his 500-page autobiography, Born to Run. The book rose quickly to the top of the NY Times Best Sellers List.[141]

Springsteen receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom at the White House from President Barack Obama in 2016

On September 7, 2016, at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Springsteen performed for 4 hours and 4 minutes. This show, which was part of The River 2016 Tour, stands as his longest-ever show in the United States.[142][143] The River 2016 Tour was the top-grossing worldwide tour of 2016; it pulled in $268.3 million globally and was the highest-grossing tour since 2014 for any artist topping Taylor Swift's 2015 tour which grossed $250.1 million.[144]

Springsteen supported Hillary Clinton's 2016 presidential campaign by performing an acoustic set of "Thunder Road", "Long Walk Home" and "Dancing in the Dark" at a rally in Philadelphia on November 7, 2016. On November 22, 2016, Springsteen was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom award by Barack Obama.[145][146] On January 12, 2017, Springsteen and Patti Scialfa performed a special 15-song acoustic set for President Barack Obama and Michelle Obama at the White House's East Room two days before the president gave his farewell address to the nation.[147][148]

Springsteen on Broadway, an eight-week run at the Walter Kerr Theatre on Broadway in New York City in fall 2017, was announced in June 2017.[149] The show included Springsteen reading excerpts from his 2016 autobiography Born to Run and performing other spoken reminiscences.[150] Originally scheduled to run from October 12 through November 26, the show was extended three times; the last performance occurred on December 15, 2018.[151][152][153] For Springsteen's production of Springsteen on Broadway, he was honored with a Special Tony Award at the 72nd Tony Awards in 2018.[154]

On December 14, 2018, the live album Springsteen on Broadway was released. The album reached the top 10 in more than 10 countries and no. 11 in the United States.[155]

2019–present[edit]

Springsteen's nineteenth studio album, Western Stars, was released on June 14, 2019.[156]

It was announced on July 23, 2019, that Springsteen would premiere his film, Western Stars, at the Toronto Film Festival in September 2019. He co-directed the film along with longtime collaborator Thom Zimny. The film features Springsteen and his backing band performing the music from Western Stars to a live audience.[157][158] The film was released in theaters on October 25, 2019, and the film's soundtrack, Western Stars – Songs from the Film, was also released that day.[159]

Springsteen (second from right) was among the five recipients of the 2009 Kennedy Center Honors

On May 29, 2020, Springsteen appeared remotely during a livestream, no-audience concert by the Dropkick Murphys at Fenway Park in Boston. Springsteen performed the Dropkick Murphys song "Rose Tattoo" and his song "American Land", sharing co-vocals with Ken Casey on both songs. The event marked the first music performance without an in-person audience at a major U.S. arena, stadium or ballpark during the COVID-19 pandemic. During the livestream, viewers were encouraged to make charitable donations.[160] The livestream attracted over 9 million viewers and raised over $700,000.[161]

On September 10, 2020, Springsteen released the single "Letter to You".[162][163] The single "Ghosts" was released on September 24, 2020.[164] Letter to You, Springsteen's twentieth studio album, was released on October 23, 2020.[162][163] Springsteen also released a documentary entitled Letter to You on October 23.[165][166] The documentary was shot exclusively in black and white and was directed by Thom Zimny.[166] The album Letter to You features 12 songs and runs just under one hour.[167]

On November 16, 2020, Springsteen was featured as a guest singer for Bleachers' newest single, "Chinatown",[168] for their 3rd studio album Take the Sadness Out of Saturday Night.[169]

Springsteen and the E Street Band were musical guests on the December 12, 2020, episode of Saturday Night Live, where they performed "Ghosts" and "I'll See You in My Dreams". This marked the band's first performance since 2017 and their first to promote Letter to You. Garry Tallent and Soozie Tyrell opted to remain at home due to COVID-19 concerns; this was the first time Tallent had ever missed a performance with the band, and Jack Daley of the Disciples of Soul filled in for him.[170]

On February 22, 2021, it was announced that Springsteen was releasing an eight-part podcast on Spotify titled Renegades: Born in the USA that would feature himself in conversation with Barack Obama discussing a wide range of topics including family, race, marriage, fatherhood, and the state of the U.S.[171]

On May 16, 2021, John Mellencamp announced that Springsteen would appear on his next album.[172] On September 29, 2021, Mellencamp released the single and music video for "Wasted Days", which features Springsteen on co-lead vocals and guitar.[173]

On June 7, 2021, Springsteen announced that his Springsteen on Broadway shows would return for a limited run at Jujamcyn's St. James Theatre beginning on June 26, 2021.[174] In an interview with E Street Radio's Jim Rotolo on June 10, 2021, Springsteen said that he did not plan on playing any shows in 2021 but was talked into the Broadway shows by a "friend".[175] During the same interview, Springsteen also announced an upcoming collaboration with the Killers.[176] Later that day the Killers' social media announced the title of the song "Dustland" after a series of teases by the band throughout the day.[177]Template:Primary source inline[better source needed]

On September 11, 2021, Springsteen performed "I'll See You in My Dreams" in tribute to the victims of the September 11 attacks.[178]

On December 13, 2021, Springsteen gave a surprise four song performance at the John Henry's Friends benefit concert for children diagnosed with Autism where he was joined by Steve Earle and the Dukes as his backing band.[179] On December 14, 2021, Max Weinberg indicated that he felt a tour with Springsteen and the E Street Band was very likely in 2022 saying "Until the bus pulls up at my house, figuratively speaking, I'm not quite sure but I'm pretty convinced ... (that) myself, my colleagues and the people who are interested are going to be very pleasantly surprised in 2022. I don't make plans for Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band but I feel very good about the next 18, 24 months."[180] On December 16, 2021, Springsteen sold the masters of his entire catalog and the coinciding music publishing rights to Sony Music for $500 million. This topped what Bob Dylan and Taylor Swift received for their catalogs by $200 million.[181] This sale, along with his Broadway shows and projects with Obama, helped him top the Rolling Stone list of the highest-paid musicians of 2021.[182]

Bruce Springsteen leading a sing-a-long during a concert in Seattle, Washington, in February 2023

On May 24, 2022, it was announced that he would be launching an international tour with the E Street Band in 2023, the first such since 2017.[183]

On September 26, 2022, it was announced that Springsteen and his wife Patti Scialfa would perform at the inaugural Albie Awards at the New York Public Library on September 29, 2022.[184]

On September 29, 2022, Springsteen announced that his twenty-first studio album, Only the Strong Survive, would be released on November 11, 2022. The album features fifteen covers of classic soul music songs from the 60s and 70s and was preceded by the singles "Do I Love You (Indeed I Do)", "Nightshift", "Don't Play That Song" and "Turn Back the Hands of Time".[185] To promote the album, Springsteen performed on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon on November 14, 15 and 16, 2022, along with a special Thanksgiving episode on November 24, 2022.[186]

Artistry and legacy[edit]

I spent most of my life as a musician measuring the distance between the American Dream and American reality.

—Springsteen at a rally for presidential candidate Barack Obama on November 2, 2008[187]

Widely regarded as one of the greatest songwriters of all time,[188] Springsteen has been called a "rock 'n' roll poet" who "[radiates] working-class authenticity".[189] His work "epitomizes rock's deepest values: desire, the need for freedom and the search to find yourself."[4] Often described as cinematic in their scope, Springsteen's lyrics frequently explore highly personal themes such as individual commitment, dissatisfaction and dismay with life in a context of everyday situations.[190] Springsteen's themes include social and political commentary[191][192] and are rooted in the struggles faced by his own family of origin.[193]

In 2003, Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time list included Born to Run (18),[194] Born in the U.S.A. (85),[195] The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle (132),[196] Darkness on the Edge of Town (151),[197] Nebraska (224),[198] The River (250),[199] Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J. (379),[200] and Tunnel of Love (475).[201] In 2004, on their 500 Greatest Songs of All Time list, Rolling Stone included "Born to Run" (21), "Thunder Road" (86),[202] and "Born in the U.S.A." (275).[203] Acclaimed Music ranks him as the fifth most celebrated artist in popular music history.[204]

A shift in Springsteen's lyrical approach began with the album Darkness on the Edge of Town,[205] in which he focused on the emotional struggles of working class life,[206][207] alongside more typical rock and roll themes. Reviewing Born in the U.S.A., Rolling Stone critic Debby Miller noted that "Springsteen ignored the British Invasion and embraced instead the legacy of Phil Spector’s releases, the sort of soul that was coming from Atlantic Records, and especially the garage bands that had anomalous radio hits. He’s always chased the utopian feeling of that music".[208]

Jon Pareles included Springsteen among the "pantheon" of artists of the album era.[209] "Springsteen is the quintessential album-era rock star", writes Ann Powers, who argues that while other acts like the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, and Marvin Gaye probably made better individual works, "none [had] used the long-player form itself more powerfully over the arc of a career, not only to establish a world through song, but to inhabit an enduring persona". He used it to lyricize "America's slide from industrial-era swagger into service-economy anomie". In her mind, Springsteen needed the "track-by-track architecture of albums to flesh out characters, relate each to the other, extend metaphors and build a palpable, detail-strewn landscape through which they could travel". He simultaneously grew musically "both with his stalwart E Street Band (a metaphor itself for the family connections and community spirit his songs celebrate or lament) and in more minimalist projects."[210]

Concert goers are often confused by the fact that Springsteen appears to be booed by his fans when he appears on stage.[211] In fact his fans are calling his name in an exaggerated way as "Bruuuce", which sounds like boos.

In April 2023, the governor of New Jersey issued a proclamation announcing September 23 as "Bruce Springsteen Day".[212]

Personal life[edit]

Relationships[edit]

Springsteen playing at the Stadium of Light in June 2012

Springsteen dated actress Joyce Hyser for four years in the early 1980s. Previously, he had dated photographer Lynn Goldsmith and model Karen Darvin.[213] In the early 1980s, he met Patti Scialfa at The Stone Pony bar in New Jersey, the evening she was performing alongside his friend Bobby Bandiera, with whom she had written "At Least We Got Shoes" for Southside Johnny. Springsteen liked her voice, and after the performance he introduced himself to her. They soon started spending time together and became friends.[214]

Early in 1984 Springsteen asked Scialfa to join the E Street Band for the upcoming Born in the U.S.A. Tour. According to the book Bruce by Peter Ames Carlin, they seemed about to become a couple through the first leg of the tour;[215] however, Springsteen was introduced to actress Julianne Phillips and married her shortly after midnight on May 13, 1985, at Our Lady of the Lake Catholic Church in Lake Oswego, Oregon.[216][217][218] Opposites in background, the two had an 11-year age difference, and Springsteen's traveling took its toll on their relationship. Many of the songs on Tunnel of Love described the unhappiness he felt in his relationship with Phillips.[219] The Tunnel of Love Express Tour began in late February 1988 and Springsteen convinced Scialfa to rejoin the tour. She expressed reluctance at first because she wanted to start recording her first solo album, but when he told her the tour would be short, she agreed to postpone her own solo record and join the tour.[220] Phillips and Springsteen separated in the spring of 1988, but the separation was not made public.[citation needed] Springsteen and Scialfa fell in love during the Tunnel of Love Express Tour[citation needed] and started living together soon after his separation from Phillips.[221] Citing irreconcilable differences, Phillips filed for divorce in Los Angeles on August 30, 1988,[222] and a settlement was reached in December and finalized on March 1, 1989.[223][224] They had no children.

Springsteen received press criticism for the apparent haste in which he and Scialfa started their relationship. In a 1995 interview with The Advocate, he told Judy Wieder about the negative publicity the couple subsequently received: "It's a strange society that assumes it has the right to tell people whom they should love and whom they shouldn't. But the truth is, I basically ignored the entire thing as much as I could. I said, 'Well, all I know is, this feels real, and maybe I have got a mess going here in some fashion, but that's life.'"[225] Years later, he reflected, "'I didn't protect Juli... some sort of public announcement would have been fair, but I felt overly concerned about my own privacy. I handled it badly, and I still feel badly about it. It was cruel for people to find out the way they did.'"[226]

Springsteen and Scialfa lived in New Jersey before moving to Los Angeles, where they decided to start a family.[227] On July 25, 1990, Scialfa gave birth to the couple's first child, Evan James Springsteen.[227][228] On June 8, 1991, Springsteen and Scialfa married at their Los Angeles home in a private ceremony, only attended by family and close friends.[227][228] Their second child, Jessica Rae Springsteen, was born on December 30, 1991.[227][228] Their third child, Samuel Ryan Springsteen, was born on January 5, 1994.[228][229] In a 1995 interview, Springsteen said, "I went through a divorce, and it was really difficult and painful and I was very frightened about getting married again. So part of me said, 'Hey, what does it matter?' But it does matter. It's very different than just living together. First of all, stepping up publicly—which is what you do: You get your license, you do all the social rituals—is a part of your place in society and in some way part of society's acceptance of you ... Patti and I both found that it did mean something."[225]

When their children reached school age in the 1990s, Springsteen and Scialfa moved back to New Jersey to raise them away from paparazzi. The family owns and lives on a horse farm in Colts Neck Township and has a home in Rumson; they also own homes in Los Angeles and Wellington, Florida.[230] Evan graduated from Boston College; he writes and performs his own songs and won the 2012 Singer/Songwriter Competition held during the Boston College's Arts Festival.[231] Jessica graduated from Duke University and is a nationally ranked champion equestrian.[232] She made her show-jumping debut with the Team USA in August 2014.[233] Sam is a firefighter in Jersey City.[234]

On July 17, 2022, Springsteen and Scialfa became first-time grandparents when their son Sam and his fiancée had a daughter.[235]

Health[edit]

Springsteen has avoided hard drugs his entire life.[236] Long-time bandmate Steven Van Zandt said in 2012, "[Springsteen is] the only guy I know—I think the only guy I know at all—who never did drugs."[236] He has spoken about his struggles with depression, which he began to address in his 30s after years of denial.[237] During this time, he also became frustrated with being an underweight "fast food junkie" who had to be helped off the stage after a show due to his poor health, and thus began following a mostly vegetarian diet while running up to six miles on a treadmill and lifting weights three times a week.[236] A 2019 Consequence article celebrating his 70th birthday revealed that he still maintains this routine and diet.[238]

Views[edit]

While rejecting religion in his earlier years, Springsteen stated in his 2016 autobiography Born to Run, "I have a personal relationship with Jesus. I believe in his power to save, love [...] but not to damn." In terms of his lapsed Catholicism, he has stated that he "came to ruefully and bemusedly understand that once you're a Catholic you're always a Catholic". He elaborated, "I don't participate in my religion but I know somewhere... deep inside... I'm still on the team."[239]

In a 2017 interview with Tom Hanks, Springsteen admitted that he was a tax evader early in his career, stating that the government did not pay much attention to his taxes until he was put on the cover of Time magazine in 1975.[240] Almost all of his income over the next several years went towards paying back his taxes, resulting in him having only $20,000 left by his 30th birthday despite multiple best-selling records and tours.[240]

Politics[edit]

Springsteen supported Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign, announcing his endorsement in April 2008.[103] He appeared at several rallies in support of Obama's campaign throughout 2008.[104] At an Ohio rally, Springsteen discussed the importance of "truth, transparency and integrity in government, the right of every American to have a job, a living wage, to be educated in a decent school, and a life filled with the dignity of work, the promise and the sanctity of home".[241] The Topps company marked the support in a commemorative trading card set, in which Springsteen makes an appearance on card #59, "the 'O' Street Band."[242] Despite saying that he would sit out the 2012 presidential election, Springsteen campaigned for Obama's re-election in Ohio, Iowa, Virginia, Pittsburgh, and Wisconsin.[123][124][125]

Springsteen is an activist for LGBT rights and has spoken out many times as a strong supporter of gay marriage. In an April 1996 interview with The Advocate he spoke of the importance of gay marriage: "You get your license, you do all the social rituals. It's part of your place in society, and in some way part of society's acceptance of you."[225] In 2009, he posted the following statement on his website: "I've long believed in and have always spoken out for the rights of same sex couples and fully agree with Governor Corzine when he writes that 'The marriage-equality issue should be recognized for what it truly is—a civil rights issue that must be approved to assure that every citizen is treated equally under the law.'"[243] In 2012, he lent his support to an ad campaign for gay marriage called "The Four 2012". Springsteen noted in the ad, "I couldn't agree more with that statement and urge those who support equal treatment for our gay and lesbian brothers and sisters to let their voices be heard now."[244] In April 2016, Springsteen cancelled a show in Greensboro, North Carolina, days before it was to take place to protest the state's newly passed Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act, also referred to as the "bathroom law", which dictates which restrooms transgender people are permitted to use and prevents LGBT citizens from suing over human rights violations in the workplace. Springsteen released an official statement on his website. The Human Rights Campaign celebrated Springsteen's statement, and he has received much praise and gratitude from the LGBT community.[245]

During a 2017 show in Perth, Springsteen made a statement celebrating the post-inauguration Women's March against the incoming Trump administration in cities worldwide: "We're a long way from home, and our hearts and spirits are with the hundreds of thousands of women and men that marched yesterday in every city in America, and in Melbourne ... [They] rallied against hate and division and in support of tolerance, inclusion, reproductive rights, civil rights, racial justice, LGBTQ rights, the environment, wage equality, gender equality, healthcare, and immigrant rights. We stand with you. We are the new American resistance."[246][247][248]

Springsteen was a staunch critic of Donald Trump throughout his presidency. In October 2019, he said Trump "doesn't have a grasp of the deep meaning of what it means to be an American,"[249] and in June 2020 called him a "threat to our democracy".[250] Springsteen's song "The Rising" was featured prominently in the 2020 Democratic National Convention in support of Joe Biden, accompanied with a new video and campaign slogan, #TheRising.[251] On October 13, 2020, author Don Winslow released a video critical of Trump prior to his campaign event in Pennsylvania. The video features Springsteen's song "Streets of Philadelphia".[252] A few days prior to the 2020 United States presidential election, Springsteen provided narration for a campaign ad that spotlights Biden's upbringing in Scranton, Pennsylvania with "My Hometown" playing throughout the ad.[253] Biden used "We Take Care of Our Own" as one of his theme songs, as Obama had before him in 2012.[254]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums

Concert tours[edit]

Springsteen has developed a reputation for energetic and long-lasting live performances.[255][256]

Headlining tours[edit]

Co-headlining tours[edit]

Achievements, awards, and nominations[edit]

Springsteen has sold more than 140 million records worldwide and more than 71 million records in the United States, making him one of the world's best-selling artists.[257][258] He has earned numerous awards for his work, including 20 Grammy Awards, two Golden Globes, an Academy Award, and a Special Tony Award (for Springsteen on Broadway). Springsteen was inducted into both the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1999, received the Kennedy Center Honors in 2009, was named MusiCares person of the year in 2013, and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama in 2016. In May 2021, Springsteen became the eighth recipient of the Woody Guthrie Prize, a prize that honors an artist who speaks out for social justice and carries on the spirit of the folk singer.[259] In March 2023, Springsteen was awarded the 2021 National Medal of Arts from President Joe Biden at the White House. Springsteen was supposed to receive the award in 2021 but the COVID-19 pandemic postponed the ceremonies.[260]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Blinded by the Light" would later be a hit for Manfred Mann's Earth Band and reach No. 1, the only time Springsteen had a No. 1 single as a songwriter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "In a Culture War Over the Military, Bruce Springsteen Stands Alone". Time. Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  2. ^ "Bruce Springsteen Plays Longest U.S. Concert, Over 4 Hours". Billboard. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  3. ^ Maureen Lee Lenker: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 3. November 2020, abgerufen am 14. November 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  4. ^ a b "Bruce Springsteen ranked 23rd greatest artist". Rolling Stone. December 3, 2010. Archived from the original on March 8, 2021. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
  5. ^ Cross, Charles R. (1992). Backstreets: Springsteen – the man and his music. Harmony Books. p. 40. ISBN 0-517-58929-X.
  6. ^ John Alexander: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 31. Oktober 2019, archiviert vom Original am 2020-07-27;.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  7. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] National Italian American Foundation, archiviert vom Original am 2013-05-20; abgerufen am 21. Juni 2013.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  8. ^ a b "Douglas Springsteen, father of rock star, Belmont, Calif". Asbury Park Press. Asbury Park, New Jersey. May 3, 1998. p. 36. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved October 27, 2020 – via Newspapers.com. Douglas F. Springsteen, father of rock star Bruce Springsteen, died April 26 at home. He was 73. Mr. Springsteen was a former bus driver at San Francisco Airport and an Army veteran of World War II. He was a former communicant of St. Rose of Lima Roman Catholic Church, Freehold, and graduated from its school in 1939. Born in Freehold, he lived there for most of his life before moving to California in 1969.
  9. ^ Fiona Flynn: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 27. Mai 2016, archiviert vom Original am 2019-02-07; abgerufen am 6. Februar 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  10. ^ a b Green, Andy (September 27, 2016). "Bruce Springsteen's Enthralling New Memoir: 10 Things We Learned". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 16, 2018.
  11. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] AllMusic, archiviert vom Original am 2020-07-27; abgerufen am 8. März 2020.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  12. ^ Carol King: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 5. Juni 2013, archiviert vom Original am 2019-01-11; abgerufen am 11. Januar 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  13. ^ Bruce Springsteen accepts Ellis Island award with mother and aunts Archived May 19, 2021, at the Wayback Machine. Video. Published July 16, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  14. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 4. Oktober 2020, archiviert vom Original am 2020-09-26; abgerufen am 4. Oktober 2020.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  15. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2016-03-09; abgerufen am 13. Januar 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  16. ^ Michael Luongo: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 21. November 2019, archiviert vom Original am 2020-03-07; abgerufen am 8. März 2020.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  17. ^ a b Marsh, Dave (1987). Glory Days: Bruce Springsteen in the 1980s. pp. 88–89.
  18. ^ Editors, "Boss Talk," The Tablet, February 25, 2012.
  19. ^ Statham, Craig (2013). Springsteen: Saint in the City: 1949–1974. Soundcheck Books. pp. 8–9. ISBN 978-0957144231.
  20. ^ Springsteen. Robert Hilburn, 1985, p. 28.
  21. ^ Loder, Kurt (December 6, 1984). "The Rolling Stone Interview: Bruce Springsteen". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 21, 2009. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  22. ^ "The Backstreet Phantom of Rock". Time. October 27, 1975. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
  23. ^ Gary Johnson: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 6. Oktober 2018, abgerufen am 27. Oktober 2020.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär[dead link]
  24. ^ Wire Reports: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 2. Mai 1998, archiviert vom Original am 2020-10-30; abgerufen am 27. Oktober 2020.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  25. ^ Chris Jordan: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 21. Oktober 2019, archiviert vom Original am 2019-10-24; abgerufen am 27. Oktober 2020.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  26. ^ a b Bill Crandall: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] CBS News, 6. Februar 2014, archiviert vom Original am 2020-04-20; abgerufen am 16. April 2020.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  27. ^ Statham, Craig (2013). Springsteen: Saint In The City: 1949–1974. Soundcheck Books. pp. 12–13. ISBN 978-0957144231.
  28. ^ Carlin, Peter Ames (October 30, 2012). Bruce. Simon and Schuster. p. 26. ISBN 9781439191828 – via Internet Archive. springsteen rogues elks club freehold.
  29. ^ a b c Statham, Craig (2013). Springsteen: Saint In The City: 1949–1974. Soundcheck Books. ISBN 978-0957144231.
  30. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 17. April 2002, archiviert vom Original am 2009-02-23; abgerufen am 9. Juni 2012.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  31. ^ "The Boss Growing Up in Richmond". The Commonwealth Times. April 29, 1986. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  32. ^ Len Comaratta: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] 3. März 2012, archiviert vom Original am 2020-10-16; abgerufen am 14. Oktober 2020.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  33. ^ Springsteen: Saint In The City: 1949–1974 by Craig Statham. Soundcheck Books, 2013. ISBN 978-0957144231.
  34. ^ Elwood, Philip (January 14, 1970). "A Memorable Wet Night with the Steel Mill". San Francisco Examiner. Archived from the original on October 14, 2020. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  35. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 22. Februar 2020, archiviert vom Original am 2020-11-01; abgerufen am 27. Oktober 2020: „("He's Guilty," "Goin' Back to Georgia," and "The Train Song")...This is only Bruce's second time in a recording studio.“Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  36. ^ Santelli, R. Greetings from E Street (book)
  37. ^ Dave Lifton: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 2. Mai 2015, archiviert vom Original am 2019-05-07; abgerufen am 6. August 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  38. ^ Fricke, David (January 21, 2009). "The Band on Bruce: Their Springsteen". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 1, 2009. Retrieved February 7, 2009.
  39. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] brucespringsteen.it, archiviert vom Original am 2016-03-03;.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  40. ^ Brett, Oliver (January 15, 2009). "What's in a nickname?". BBC News. Archived from the original on January 18, 2009. Retrieved January 21, 2009.
  41. ^ Marchand, Francois (November 29, 2012). "Review: Bruce Springsteen rocks like a boss in Vancouver". The Vancouver Sun. Archived from the original on August 30, 2017. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  42. ^ Bangs, Lester (July 5, 1973). "Greetings From Asbury Park, NJ". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  43. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Ed Gallucci Photography, archiviert vom Original am 2014-01-11; abgerufen am 17. März 2014.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  44. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Usi.edu, archiviert vom Original am 2015-04-02; abgerufen am 17. März 2014.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  45. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] crawdaddy.com, 2. August 2009, archiviert vom Original am 2009-08-05; abgerufen am 21. März 2010.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  46. ^ Rockwell, John (May 9, 1976). "Crawdaddy Party Mirrors Magazine". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  47. ^ Lester Bangs: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". November 1975, archiviert vom Original am 2002-08-04; abgerufen am 21. März 2010.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  48. ^ Dave Lifton: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 4. Juni 2020, archiviert vom Original am 2021-01-12; abgerufen am 8. Januar 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  49. ^ Landau, Jon (May 22, 1974). "Growing Young With Rock and Roll". The Real Paper. Archived from the original on January 16, 2010. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  50. ^ Masur, Louis P. (August 31, 2010). Runaway Dream: Born to Run and Bruce Springsteen's American Vision. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. p. 48. ISBN 9781608191017. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 1975 born to run anticipation.
  51. ^ Marsh, Dave (2004). Bruce Springsteen: Two Hearts: The Definitive Biography, 1972–2003. United States: Routledge. p. 94. ISBN 0-203-49470-9.
  52. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Sony, archiviert vom Original am 2019-09-08; abgerufen am 22. Juni 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  53. ^ Kevin EG Perry: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Vice, 23. Mai 2019, archiviert vom Original am 2021-01-11; abgerufen am 8. Januar 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  54. ^ Marsh, Dave (2003). Bruce Springsteen: Two Hearts: The Definitive Biography, 1972–2003. Routledge. pp. 14, 203, etc. ISBN 0-415-96928-X.
  55. ^ "The Moments". Rolling Stone. June 24, 2004. Archived from the original on December 4, 2007.
  56. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 25. August 2015, archiviert vom Original am 2019-07-04; abgerufen am 4. Juli 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  57. ^ Kahn, Ashley (November 10, 2005). "Springsteen Looks Back On 'Born to Run'". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  58. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 20. Juni 2019, archiviert vom Original am 2019-07-04; abgerufen am 4. Juli 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  59. ^ Hiatt, Brian (November 17, 2005). "Bruce Springsteen's 'Born to Run' Turns 30". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 25, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  60. ^ Greene, Andy (October 27, 2015). "See Rare Bruce Springsteen Photos From 'Born to Run' Era". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  61. ^ Dave Lifton: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 27. Oktober 2015, archiviert vom Original am 2019-06-17; abgerufen am 6. August 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  62. ^ Gittins, Ian (June 1, 2008). "Bruce Springsteen, Emirates Stadium, London". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  63. ^ Metcalf, Stephen (May 2, 2005). "Faux Americana, Why I still love Bruce Springsteen". Slate. Archived from the original on November 1, 2013. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
  64. ^ Carlin, Peter (2012). Bruce. New York: Simon & Schuster. Archived from the original on May 19, 2021. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  65. ^ Kreps, Daniel (December 26, 2018). "Bruce Springsteen Releases Complete 'No Nukes 1979' Concert". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 16, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  66. ^ "Bruce Springsteen reveals he wrote 'Hungry Heart' for the Ramones". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  67. ^ "Bruce Springsteen Squeaks By Adele, Earns Tenth No. 1 Album". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  68. ^ Guterman, Jimmy (2005). Runaway American Dream. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Da Capo Press. p. 153.
  69. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 4. Juni 2014, archiviert vom Original am 2015-12-20; abgerufen am 14. Dezember 2015.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  70. ^ Dolan, Marc (April 6, 2014). "How Ronald Reagan Changed Bruce Springsteen's Politics". Politico. Archived from the original on August 9, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  71. ^ Billboard. May 11, 1985. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
  72. ^ Roberts, David. The Guinness Book of British Hit Albums, p. 444. Guinness Publishing Ltd. 7th edition (1996). ISBN 0-85112-619-7
  73. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2021-01-08; abgerufen am 7. Januar 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  74. ^ Guesdon & Margotin 2020, pp. 264–300.
  75. ^ Crossland, David (June 19, 2013). "Chimes of Freedom: How Springsteen Helped Tear Down the Wall". Der Spiegel. Archived from the original on June 20, 2013. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
  76. ^ Luerssen, John D. (September 1, 2012). Bruce Springsteen FAQ: All That's Left to Know About the Boss. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1-61713-460-9. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
  77. ^ Carlin, Peter Ames (November 8, 2012). "Bruce Springsteen biography extract: The day the Boss shut down the band". The Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on October 24, 2020. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  78. ^ Guesdon & Margotin 2020, p. 304.
  79. ^ Hyden, Steven (2018). Twilight of the Gods. Harper Collins. p. 109. ISBN 978-0062657138.
  80. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2016-03-03;.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  81. ^ Guesdon & Margotin 2020, p. 288.
  82. ^ Guesdon & Margotin 2020, p. 354.
  83. ^ David Masciotra: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 16. September 2017, archiviert vom Original am 2021-01-04; abgerufen am 7. Januar 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  84. ^ Tyrangiel, Josh; Carcaterra, Kate (August 5, 2002). "Bruce Rising". Time. pp. 2 of 6. Archived from the original on December 24, 2007. Retrieved March 23, 2008.
  85. ^ Fricke, David (February 5, 2009). "Bringing It All Back Home" (PDF). Rolling Stone. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 25, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  86. ^ Mar, Alex (February 25, 2005). "Springsteen to Induct U2 into Hall of Fame". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  87. ^ Guesdon & Margotin 2020, pp. 609–610.
  88. ^ Jon Wiederhorn: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] MTV, 16. September 2003, archiviert vom Original am 2010-03-05;.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  89. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, 4. Juni 2019, archiviert vom Original am 2019-04-06; abgerufen am 27. März 2018.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  90. ^ "100 Best Songs of the Decade". Rolling Stone. December 9, 2009. Archived from the original on December 13, 2009. Retrieved December 19, 2009.
  91. ^ Anderson, Kyle (September 29, 2011). "U2, Rihanna, Amy Winehouse, Foo Fighters fill out VH1's '100 Greatest Songs of the '00s'". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 19, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2012.
  92. ^ Runtagh, Jordan; Bienstock, Richard (February 11, 2016). "15 Great Grammy Tribute Performances". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 26, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  93. ^ McShane, Larry (February 16, 2005). "New Springsteen Album Due in April". ABC News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on April 11, 2005.
  94. ^ "Springsteen Does Seeger On First Covers Album". Billboard. March 2, 2006. Archived from the original on January 12, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  95. ^ Manzoor, Sarfraz (May 14, 2006). "A runaway American dream". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on January 26, 2008. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
  96. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2011-05-25; abgerufen am 27. August 2010.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  97. ^ Tianen, Dave (June 15, 2006). "Born to strum". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on November 18, 2006.
  98. ^ "Chicago Tribune". Retrieved August 27, 2010.[dead link]
  99. ^ "Terry Magovern, Rest in Peace" Archived February 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Backstreets.com, August 1, 2007. Retrieved August 28, 2007.
  100. ^ Guesdon & Margotin 2020, p. 503.
  101. ^ "Springsteen Bandmate on Hiatus for Health Reasons". Reuters. November 22, 2007. Archived from the original on December 17, 2007. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  102. ^ Piccoli, Sean (April 17, 2008). "Springsteen concert postponed over bandmate's death". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved April 17, 2008.[permanent dead link]
  103. ^ a b "Springsteen endorses Obama for president". USA Today. Associated Press. April 16, 2008. Archived from the original on April 17, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  104. ^ a b [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 3. Oktober 2008, archiviert vom Original am 2009-04-09; abgerufen am 27. August 2010.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  105. ^ "Springsteen plays new 'Working on a Dream' tune at Obama rally in Cleveland". The Plain Dealer. November 2, 2008. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
  106. ^ Hendrix, Steve; Mummolo, Jonathan (January 18, 2009). "Jamming on the Mall for Obama". The Washington Post.
  107. ^ "Springsteen, Rahman Snag Musical Golden Globes". Billboard. September 14, 2009. Archived from the original on April 25, 2014. Retrieved August 27, 2010. Archived from the original on January 5, 2011.
  108. ^ Garth Bardsley: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] MTV, 12. Januar 2009, archiviert vom Original am 2011-07-29; abgerufen am 7. Dezember 2011.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  109. ^ "Report: "The Boss" to play Super Bowl halftime show". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. August 11, 2008. Archived from the original on December 31, 2008..
  110. ^ Pareles, Jon (February 1, 2009). "The Rock Laureate". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 9, 2011. Retrieved January 29, 2009.
  111. ^ a b "Bruce Springsteen's 'Working on a Dream' Set For January 27 Release on Columbia Records" (Press release). Shore Fire Media. November 17, 2008. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
  112. ^ Lapointe, Joe (January 30, 2009). "Springsteen Promises '12-Minute Party' at Halftime". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 17, 2009. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
  113. ^ Carpenter, Les (January 29, 2009). "No Cheering in the Press Box, Except When It Comes to the Boss". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 12, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
  114. ^ Wallace, Lindsay (February 10, 2009). "Bruce Springsteen Exclusive: 'I Didn't Even Know I Was Up For A Grammy!'". MTV News. Archived from the original on March 17, 2009. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  115. ^ Pareles, Jon (October 11, 2009). "For Springsteen and Giants Stadium, a Last Dance". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 8, 2012. Retrieved October 14, 2009.
  116. ^ "Obama honours Bruce Springsteen". BBC News. December 7, 2009. Archived from the original on January 5, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
  117. ^ "The Voices: Artists of the Decade". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 13, 2009. Retrieved December 19, 2009.
  118. ^ "Top Touring Artists of the Decade". Billboard. December 11, 2009. Archived from the original on March 16, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2009.
  119. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 19. Juni 2011, archiviert vom Original am 2011-11-21; abgerufen am 20. November 2011.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  120. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 18. Januar 2012, archiviert vom Original am 2012-03-21; abgerufen am 19. März 2012.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  121. ^ "Bruce Springsteen Squeaks By Adele, Earns Tenth No. 1 Album". Billboard. September 14, 2009. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  122. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Brucespringsteen.net, 31. Juli 2012, archiviert vom Original am 2012-10-02; abgerufen am 12. Oktober 2012.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  123. ^ a b Brad Knickerbocker: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 13. Oktober 2012, archiviert vom Original am 2016-03-03;.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  124. ^ a b Matt Orel: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Brucespringsteen.net, 5. November 2012, archiviert vom Original am 2012-11-09; abgerufen am 6. November 2012.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  125. ^ a b Sweet, Lynn (November 6, 2012). "Obama makes last pitch with Boss, Jay-Z in Ohio". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
  126. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Wxyz.com, 10. November 2012, archiviert vom Original am 2013-05-22; abgerufen am 13. November 2012.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  127. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Starpulse.com, 23. Februar 2013, archiviert vom Original am 2014-02-02; abgerufen am 25. Februar 2013.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  128. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] CBS New York, 6. Dezember 2012, archiviert vom Original am 2013-06-07; abgerufen am 15. Dezember 2012.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  129. ^ "Bruce Springsteen Added To GRAMMY Performance Lineup" (Press release). National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. February 2, 2012. Archived from the original on January 6, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  130. ^ "50 Best Albums of 2012: Bruce Springsteen, 'Wrecking Ball'". Rolling Stone. December 5, 2012. Archived from the original on December 16, 2012. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  131. ^ "Springsteen & I: fans tell their stories of The Boss". The Telegraph. December 28, 2015. Archived from the original on January 2, 2016.
  132. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2013-12-07; abgerufen am 4. Dezember 2013.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  133. ^ Keith Caulfiel: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Yahoo! Music, archiviert vom Original am 2014-02-03; abgerufen am 18. Januar 2014.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  134. ^ "Bruce Springsteen scores 10th UK number one album" Archived January 2, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. BBC News. Retrieved January 26, 2014
  135. ^ "Bruce Springsteen, 'High Hopes'". Rolling Stone. December 2014. Archived from the original on January 16, 2015. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  136. ^ Jeff Giles: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 18. Dezember 2014, archiviert vom Original am 2021-02-27; abgerufen am 8. Januar 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  137. ^ Whitney Friedlander: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 22. Oktober 2015, archiviert vom Original am 2020-11-08; abgerufen am 9. Januar 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  138. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 19. Dezember 2015, archiviert vom Original am 2016-01-13; abgerufen am 14. Januar 2016.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  139. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 4. Dezember 2015, archiviert vom Original am 2015-12-21; abgerufen am 4. Dezember 2015.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  140. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 8. April 2016, archiviert vom Original am 2019-05-23; abgerufen am 23. Mai 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  141. ^ Newman, Melinda. "Bruce Springsteen Is The Boss of the New York Times Best Sellers List With 'Born To Run'". Forbes. Archived from the original on October 7, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  142. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] 8. September 2016, archiviert vom Original am 2016-09-08; abgerufen am 8. September 2016.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  143. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] MSN, archiviert vom Original am 2016-08-27; abgerufen am 22. November 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  144. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 30. Dezember 2016, archiviert vom Original am 2016-12-30; abgerufen am 30. Dezember 2016.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  145. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". White House, archiviert vom Original am 2017-01-20; abgerufen am 25. November 2016.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  146. ^ Rolling Stone Company: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2016-11-17;.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  147. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2017-01-20; abgerufen am 19. Januar 2017.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  148. ^ "Bruce Springsteen plays farewell gig for Barack Obama at the White House". The Guardian. January 19, 2017. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on January 19, 2017. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
  149. ^ "Bruce Springsteen heads to Broadway this fall". New York Post. June 16, 2017. Archived from the original on June 16, 2017.
  150. ^ "Bruce Springsteen Is Bringing His Music and His Memories to Broadway!". The New York Times. August 9, 2017. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
  151. ^ @Ticketmaster (August 30, 2017). "#SpringsteenBroadway has been Extended! More information coming today. There will NOT be any additional codes released for today's onsale" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  152. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 27. November 2017, archiviert vom Original am 2019-04-01; abgerufen am 18. Januar 2018.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  153. ^ Paulson, Michael (March 21, 2018). "Bruce Springsteen Signs Up for More Time on Broadway". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 16, 2018. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  154. ^ "Bruce Springsteen on Broadway: What comes after the Tony Award?". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 3, 2018. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
  155. ^ Fear, David (December 1, 2018). "Trailers of the Week: 'Springsteen on Broadway,' 'I Am the Night,' 'Artemis Fowl'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 2, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  156. ^ Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 3. Juni 2019, abgerufen am 31. Dezember 2019 (english).
  157. ^ "Bruce Springsteen to Debut 'Western Stars' Film at Toronto Film Festival". Rolling Stone. July 23, 2019. Archived from the original on July 23, 2019. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  158. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 23. Juli 2019, archiviert vom Original am 2019-07-23; abgerufen am 23. Juli 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  159. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Yahoo!, 25. Oktober 2019, archiviert vom Original am 2019-11-07; abgerufen am 7. November 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  160. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 18. Mai 2020, archiviert vom Original am 2020-05-24; abgerufen am 18. Mai 2020.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  161. ^ "Dropkick Murphys and Bruce Springsteen's Fenway Park Show Raises a Ton of Money For Boston Charities". Billboard. May 3, 2020. Archived from the original on June 4, 2020. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
  162. ^ a b [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 10. September 2020, archiviert vom Original am 2020-09-10; abgerufen am 10. September 2020.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  163. ^ a b Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 23. Oktober 2020;.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  164. ^ Springsteen, Bruce [@springsteen] (September 23, 2020). ""Count the band in then kick into overdrive / By the end of the set we leave no one alive / Ghosts runnin' through the night / Our spirits filled with light…" Ghosts out tomorrow! t.co/2c86E5tUlY" (Tweet). Retrieved December 31, 2020 – via Twitter.
  165. ^ Chris Murphy: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 23. Oktober 2020;.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  166. ^ a b Hiatt, Brian (October 5, 2020). "Bruce Springsteen Announces 'Letter to You' Documentary Release Date". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 18, 2021. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  167. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2021-03-01; abgerufen am 25. April 2021 (english).
  168. ^ Martoccio, Angie (November 16, 2020). "Bleachers Return With 'Chinatown' Featuring Bruce Springsteen". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 5, 2020. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  169. ^ Rhian Daly: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 30. Juli 2021, archiviert vom Original am 2021-08-02; abgerufen am 2. August 2021 (american English).
  170. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 25. November 2020, archiviert vom Original am 2020-11-25; abgerufen am 25. November 2020.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  171. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 22. Februar 2021, archiviert vom Original am 2021-02-23; abgerufen am 23. Februar 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  172. ^ "9 Memorable Moments From Clive Davis' Grammy Museum Benefit With Elton John, H.E.R. & More". Billboard. May 16, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  173. ^ Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". MSN, abgerufen am 29. September 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  174. ^ Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Broadway World, abgerufen am 7. Juni 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  175. ^ Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". MSN, abgerufen am 10. Juni 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  176. ^ Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 10. Juni 2021, abgerufen am 10. Juni 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  177. ^ Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Abgerufen am 10. Juni 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporärTemplate:Primary source inline
  178. ^ Kreps, Daniel (September 11, 2021). "See Bruce Springsteen Perform 'I'll See You in My Dreams' at 9/11 20th Anniversary Memorial". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 11, 2021.
  179. ^ Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 13. Dezember 2021, abgerufen am 16. Dezember 2021 (american English).
  180. ^ Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". MSN, 14. Dezember 2021, abgerufen am 16. Dezember 2021 (american English).
  181. ^ Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 16. Dezember 2021, abgerufen am 16. Dezember 2021 (american English).
  182. ^ Greenburg, Zack O'Malley (January 14, 2022). "Nine of the 10 Highest-Paid Musicians of 2021 Were Men". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 14, 2022. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  183. ^ Greene, Andy (May 24, 2022). "Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band Announce 2023 World Tour". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 24, 2022.
  184. ^ Grein, Paul (September 26, 2022). "Bruce Springsteen & Patti Scialfa to Perform at Inaugural Albie Awards". Billboard. Retrieved September 27, 2022.
  185. ^ Jem Aswad: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 29. September 2022, abgerufen am 30. September 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  186. ^ Dan Heching: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 9. November 2022, abgerufen am 10. November 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  187. ^ Hagen, Mark (January 18, 2009). "Meet the new boss". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on September 30, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
  188. ^ "100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 24, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  189. ^ Joshua Zeitz: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 24. August 2015, archiviert vom Original am 2019-07-04; abgerufen am 4. Juli 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  190. ^ Wurtzel, Elizabeth (June 22, 2008). "Bruce almighty, Elizabeth Wurtzel on Bruce Springsteen's lyrics". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on December 20, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
  191. ^ Alterman, Eric (April 11, 2012). "Bruce Springsteen's Political Voice". The Nation. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  192. ^ Powers, Ann (January 19, 2012). "Bruce Springsteen's New Wave Of Social Protest". NPR. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  193. ^ Todd Leopold: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] CNN, archiviert vom Original am 2019-07-04; abgerufen am 4. Juli 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  194. ^ "Born to Run ranked no. 18". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  195. ^ "Born in the U.S.A. ranked no. 85". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  196. ^ "E Street Shuffle ranked no. 132". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  197. ^ "Edge of Town ranked no. 151". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  198. ^ "Nebraska ranked no. 224". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  199. ^ "The River ranked no. 250". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  200. ^ "Greetings ranked no. 379". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  201. ^ "Tunnel of Love ranked no. 475". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  202. ^ "Rolling Stone: 500 Greatest Songs of All Time 2004 1–100". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 19, 2008. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  203. ^ "Rolling Stone: 500 Greatest Songs of All Time 2004 201–300". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 19, 2008. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
  204. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2021-03-26; abgerufen am 20. März 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  205. ^ William Haltom, Michael W. McCann: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] 1996, archiviert vom Original am 2021-01-16; abgerufen am 15. Oktober 2020.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  206. ^ Joyce Millman: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] brucespringsteenspecialcollection.net, 16. April 2008, archiviert vom Original am 2009-06-08; abgerufen am 29. September 2010.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  207. ^ Mark Richardson: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 6. Januar 2004, archiviert vom Original am 2010-11-21; abgerufen am 29. September 2010.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  208. ^ Miller, Debby (July 19, 1984). "Born in the U.S.A." Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 14, 2022.{{cite magazine}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  209. ^ Pareles, Jon (January 5, 1997). "All That Music, and Nothing to Listen To". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 27, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
  210. ^ Powers, Ann (January 26, 2009). "CD: Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 25, 2021. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
  211. ^ Poppy Bilderbeck: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 26. Juni 2022, abgerufen am 13. November 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  212. ^ Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Abgerufen am 16. April 2023 (american English).
  213. ^ "Springsteen Keeps Love Life in Dark". Daily News. New York. September 4, 1985. Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  214. ^ Interview with Patti Scialfa, "Red-Headed Woman", pp. 42–44, Q magazine, 1993
  215. ^ Carlin, Peter Ames (2012). Bruce. New York City: Simon & Schuster. p. 343. ISBN 978-1439191835.
  216. ^ "Springsteen, model married this morning". The Bulletin. (Bend, Oregon). United Press International. May 13, 1985. p. A1. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  217. ^ "Bruce, actress fool fans with early wedding". Spokane Chronicle. May 13, 1985. p. B2. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  218. ^ "Springsteen marries in secret ceremony". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. May 14, 1985. p. 1A. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  219. ^ Carlin, Peter Ames (2012). Bruce. Simon & Schuster. pp. 345–346. ISBN 978-1439191835.
  220. ^ Larry Katz: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Angelfire.com, 15. September 2004, archiviert vom Original am 2013-09-27; abgerufen am 13. Oktober 2013.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  221. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] MSN, archiviert vom Original am 2019-08-06; abgerufen am 6. August 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  222. ^ "Springsteen's wife seeks divorce". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). news services. August 31, 1988. p. 3A. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  223. ^ "Springsteen, wife divorced; 'fair settlement' kept secret". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). news services. December 16, 1988. p. 2A. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  224. ^ "Rocker Springsteen, wife reach divorce agreement". United Press International. December 15, 1988. Archived from the original on September 27, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  225. ^ a b c Judy Wieder: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] (doc) In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 1995, archiviert vom Original am 2012-03-13; abgerufen am 9. Juni 2012.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  226. ^ Carlin, Peter Ames. "Bruce Springsteen book excerpt: From a 'Tunnel of Love' with Julianne Phillips to 'Dancing in the Dark' with Patti Scialfa". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  227. ^ a b c d Kirkpatrick, Rob (2007). The Words And Music of Bruce Springsteen. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 120. ISBN 978-0275989385.
  228. ^ a b c d Sawyers, June Skinner (2004). Racing in the Street: The Bruce Springsteen Reader. Penguin Books. ISBN 0142003549.
  229. ^ Kirkpatrick, Rob (2007). The Words And Music of Bruce Springsteen. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 149. ISBN 978-0275989385.
  230. ^ Mark David: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 19. März 2010, archiviert vom Original am 2019-11-09; abgerufen am 9. November 2019 (english).
  231. ^ "Festival Highlights". Boston College. Archived from the original on July 29, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
  232. ^ Jaffer, Nancy (October 9, 2009). "Jessica Springsteen finishes second at Talent Search Finals East, deciding whether to pursue equitation". The Star-Ledger. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
  233. ^ Nicola Anderson: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2015-09-25; abgerufen am 10. August 2014.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  234. ^ Adam Hochron: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Marlboro-coltsneck.patch.com, 17. Januar 2014, archiviert vom Original am 2014-01-24; abgerufen am 21. Januar 2014.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  235. ^ Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 17. Juli 2022, abgerufen am 22. Juli 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  236. ^ a b c Hall, Landon (December 6, 2012). "Springsteen's fitness: Reason to believe". Orange County Register. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  237. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 7. September 2016, archiviert vom Original am 2016-12-18; abgerufen am 18. Dezember 2016.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  238. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] 24. September 2019, archiviert vom Original am 2019-12-07; abgerufen am 4. Dezember 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  239. ^ Tom Deigan: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 22. März 2021, archiviert vom Original am 2017-03-16; abgerufen am 18. Februar 2017.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  240. ^ a b Chloe Melas: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] CNN, 29. April 2017, archiviert vom Original am 2017-06-08; abgerufen am 24. Juni 2017.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  241. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] idiomag, 3. November 2008, archiviert vom Original am 2008-12-24; abgerufen am 3. November 2008.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  242. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2021-04-14; abgerufen am 26. März 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  243. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2013-10-22; abgerufen am 8. Dezember 2009.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  244. ^ Wong, Curtis (October 2, 2012). "Bruce Springsteen Stars in Gay Marriage Social Media Campaign". HuffPost. Archived from the original on October 3, 2012. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  245. ^ McCormick, Joseph Patrick (April 8, 2016). "Bruce Springsteen dumps North Carolina over bigoted anti-LGBT law". PinkNews. Archived from the original on April 9, 2016. Retrieved April 9, 2016.
  246. ^ Kreps, Daniel (January 22, 2017). "Bruce Springsteen on Women's March: 'The New American Resistance'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  247. ^ Bruce Springsteen (January 22, 2017), Bruce Springsteen in Perth – January 22, 2017, archived from the original on April 13, 2018, retrieved September 20, 2018
  248. ^ euronews (in English) (January 23, 2017), Bruce Springsteen joins 'new resistance' against 'demagogue' Trump, archived from the original on February 2, 2019, retrieved September 20, 2018
  249. ^ Henderson, Cydney. "Bruce Springsteen: President Trump doesn't understand 'what it means to be American'". USA Today. Archived from the original on August 27, 2020. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  250. ^ "Bruce Springsteen Calls President Trump a 'Threat to Our Democracy'". Billboard. June 24, 2020. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  251. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 18. August 2020, archiviert vom Original am 2020-08-18; abgerufen am 18. August 2020 (british English).
  252. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 13. Oktober 2020, archiviert vom Original am 2020-10-13; abgerufen am 14. Oktober 2020 (british English).
  253. ^ Kreps, Daniel (October 31, 2020). "Bruce Springsteen Narrates Joe Biden's 'Hometown' Scranton Ad". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on November 6, 2020. Retrieved November 5, 2020.
  254. ^ Maria Scinto: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 7. November 2020, archiviert vom Original am 2021-01-21; abgerufen am 29. April 2021 (american English).
  255. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 24. März 2016, archiviert vom Original am 2019-07-04; abgerufen am 4. Juli 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  256. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 24. August 2012, archiviert vom Original am 2019-07-04; abgerufen am 4. Juli 2019.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  257. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Record Industry Association of America, archiviert vom Original am 2013-12-09; abgerufen am 4. Dezember 2013.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  258. ^ Glatter, Hayley (May 10, 2018). "Throwback Thursday: Bruce Springsteen Plays in Cambridge". Boston. Archived from the original on May 10, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
  259. ^ "Bruce Springsteen wins 2021 Woody Guthrie Prize". Billboard. May 4, 2021. Archived from the original on May 5, 2021. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  260. ^ "Bruce Springsteen to get National Medal of Arts from Biden". CBS News. March 21, 2023. Retrieved March 21, 2023.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Commons logo
Commons logo
Τα Wikimedia Commons έχουν πολυμέσα σχετικά με το θέμα

Template:Bruce Springsteen

Template:Billboard Year-End number one albums 1970–1989 Template:Steven Van Zandt