List of Vice Presidents of the United States
Was the person who received the second most votes for President in the Electoral College. However, in the election of 1800, a tie in the electoral college between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr led to the selection of the President by the House of Representatives. To prevent such an event from happening again, the Twelfth Amendment was added to the Constitution, creating the current system where electors cast a separate ballot for the vice presidency.
The Vice President has few powers or duties explicitly provided for in the Constitution. The Vice President's primary function is to succeed to the presidency if the President dies, resigns, or is impeached and removed from office. Nine vice presidents have ascended to the presidency in this way: eight through the president's death, and one, Gerald Ford, through the president's resignation. In addition, the Vice President serves as the President of the Senate and may choose to cast a tie-breaking vote on decisions made by the Senate. Vice presidents have exercised this latter power to varying extents over the years. The vice presidency was described by former VP John Nance Garner in 1960 as "not worth a bucket of warm piss".
Prior to passage of the Twenty-fifth Amendment, a vacancy in the office of the Vice President could not be filled until the next post-election inauguration. Such vacancies were common; sixteen occurred before the 25th Amendment was ratified–as a result of seven deaths, one resignation (John C. Calhoun, who resigned to enter Congress), and eight cases in which the vice president succeeded to the presidency. This amendment allowed for a vacancy to be filled with appointment by the President and confirmation by both chambers of the U.S. Congress. Since the Amendment's passage, two vice presidents have been appointed through this process, Gerald Ford of Michigan in 1973 and Nelson Rockefeller of New York in 1974. The office has been vacant for 13,800 days since the beginning of the United States federal government, or for approximately 37 years and 10 months. To date, 14 vice presidents became president, five of whom via election.
The vice presidents have hailed from 21 states. More than half of them have come from just five states, New York (11), Indiana (5), Massachusetts (4), Kentucky (3), and Texas (3). Most vice presidents have been in their 50s or 60s and had political experience prior to assuming the office. The youngest person to become Vice President was John C. Breckinridge at 36 years of age, while the oldest was Alben W. Barkley at 71 years of age.
List of vice presidents
February 4, 1947
|Indiana||January 20, 1989 –
January 20, 1993
|U.S. Senator from Indiana||G.H.W. Bush|
March 31, 1948
|Tennessee||January 20, 1993 –
January 20, 2001
|U.S. Senator from Tennessee||Clinton|
January 30, 1941
|Wyoming||January 20, 2001 –
January 20, 2009
United States Secretary of Defense
November 20, 1942
|Delaware||January 20, 2009 –
|U.S. Senator from Delaware||Obama|
Living former vice presidents
Presently, there are five living former vice presidents. The most recent death of a former vice president was that of Gerald Ford (served 1974–77) on December 26, 2006, aged Template:Age in years and days. The most recently serving vice president to die was Nelson Rockefeller (served 1974–77) on January 26, 1979, aged Template:Age in years and days.
|OS||Vice President||Tenure||Date of birth|
|42||Walter Mondale||1977–1981||January 5, 1928|
|43||George H. W. Bush||1981–1989||June 12, 1924|
|44||Dan Quayle||1989–1993||February 4, 1947|
|45||Al Gore||1993–2001||March 31, 1948|
|46||Dick Cheney||2001-2009||January 30, 1941|
Vice presidents who became presidents
There have been 14 vice presidents who subsequently became President of the United States.
- John Adams, elected president in 1796, lost reelection in 1800.
- Thomas Jefferson, elected president in 1800, won reelection in 1804.
- Martin Van Buren, elected president in 1836, lost reelection in 1840.
- John Tyler, became president in 1841 when William Henry Harrison died in office, did not seek election in 1844.
- Millard Fillmore, became president in 1850 when Zachary Taylor died in office, did not seek election in 1852, lost election in 1856.
- Andrew Johnson, became president in 1865 when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in office, did not seek election in 1868.
- Chester A. Arthur, became president in 1881 when James A. Garfield was assassinated in office, did not seek election in 1884.
- Theodore Roosevelt, became president in 1901 when William McKinley was assassinated in office, elected in 1904, did not seek reelection in 1908, lost election in 1912.
- Calvin Coolidge, became president in 1923 when Warren G. Harding died in office, elected in 1924, did not seek reelection in 1928.
- Harry S. Truman, became president in 1945 when Franklin D. Roosevelt died in office, elected in 1948, did not seek reelection in 1952.
- Lyndon B. Johnson, became president in 1963 when John F. Kennedy was assassinated in office, elected in 1964, dropped reelection bid in 1968.
- Richard Nixon, elected president in 1968, won reelection in 1972.
- Gerald Ford, became president in 1974 when Richard Nixon resigned from office, lost election in 1976.
- George H. W. Bush, elected president in 1988, lost reelection in 1992.
Of the nine vice presidents who ascended to the presidency after their predecessor's death or resignation, only 4 were subsequently elected in their own right: Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Harry S. Truman, and Lyndon B. Johnson. Only 3 vice presidents have been elected president once, and then defeated in reelection: John Adams, Martin Van Buren, and George H.W. Bush. Only 2 vice presidents have ever been elected and reelected president: Thomas Jefferson and Richard Nixon (only Jefferson served two full terms). Richard Nixon is the only one on this list who was not serving as vice president when he was elected. Gerald Ford was the only vice president who became president by ascension, secured his party's nomination, and then lost in the general election.
Vice presidents who later served in other offices
- John C. Calhoun, US Senator and US Secretary of State
- Richard M. Johnson, Kentucky House of Representatives
- John Tyler, Provisional Confederate States Congress
- George M. Dallas, US Ambassador to Great Britain
- John C. Breckinridge, US Senator and Confederate States Secretary of War
- Hannibal Hamlin, US Senator and US Ambassador to Spain
- Andrew Johnson, US Senator
- Levi P. Morton, Governor of New York
- Thomas R. Marshall, United States Coal Commission
- Charles G. Dawes, US Ambassador to Great Britain, Chairman of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
- Henry Wallace, US Secretary of Commerce
- Alben W. Barkley, US Senator
- Hubert H. Humphrey, US Senator
- Walter F. Mondale, US Ambassador to Japan
- George Clinton and John C. Calhoun are the only vice presidents who have served under more than one president.
- There have only been 12 men elected Vice President twice: Adams, Tompkins, Marshall, Garner, Nixon, Agnew, Bush, Gore, Cheney, Biden (each serving under one president), and Clinton and Calhoun (with different presidents.) Clinton, Calhoun, and Agnew did not complete their second terms.
- From the end of Daniel Tompkins's second term in 1825, no vice president served two complete terms until Thomas Marshall took office in 1913, a gap of 88 years.
- ^ a b c d "Vice President of the United States (President of the Senate)". United States Senate. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
- Blumenthal, Sidney (June 28, 2007). "The imperial vice presidency". Salon.com. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- Cheney served as Acting President under section 3 of the 25th Amendment, for a few hours on June 29, 2002 and July 21, 2007.
- Official White House website for the Vice President
- A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825