India national cricket team

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Template:Use Indian English Template:Infobox cricket team

The India men's national cricket team, also known as Team India or the Men in Blue,[1][2] represents India in men's international cricket. It is governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), and is a Full Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) status.

Cricket was introduced to the Indian subcontinent by British sailors in the 18th century, and the first cricket club was established in 1792. India's men's national cricket team played its first international match on 25 June 1932 in a Lord's Test against England becoming the sixth team to be granted Test cricket status. India had to wait until 1952, almost twenty years, for its first Test victory. In its first fifty years of international cricket, success was limited, with only 35 wins in 196 Tests.[3] The team, however, gained strength in the 1970s with the emergence of players like Sunil Gavaskar, Gundappa Viswanath, Kapil Dev, and the Indian spin quartet.

In men's limited-overs cricket, India made its ODI and T20I debuts in 1974 and 2006, respectively. The team has won five major ICC tournaments, winning the Cricket World Cup twice (1983 and 2011), the ICC T20 World Cup once (2007) and the ICC Champions Trophy twice (2002 and 2013) and have also finished as runners-up in the World Cup once (2003), the T20 World Cup once (2014), and the Champions Trophy twice (2000 and 2017). The team were also runners-up in the inaugural 2019–2021 ICC World Test Championship. It was the second team after the West Indies to win the World Cup and the first team to win the World Cup on home soil after winning the 2011 Cricket World Cup.

They have also won the Asia Cup seven times, in 1984, 1988, 1990–91, 1995, 2010, 2016 and 2018, whilst finishing runners-up thrice (1997, 2004, 2008). The team also won the 1985 World Championship of Cricket, defeating Pakistan in the final. Other achievements include winning the ICC Test Championship Mace five times and the ICC Men's ODI Team Rankings Shield once.

As of May 2023, the team is ranked first in Tests, third in ODIs and first in T20Is by the ICC.[4]

History[edit]

Early history (1700s–1918)[edit]

The British brought cricket to India in the early 1700s, with the first cricket match played in 1721.[5] In 1848, the Parsi community in Mumbai formed the Oriental Cricket Club, the first cricket club to be established by Indians. After slow beginnings, the Europeans eventually invited the Parsis to play a match in 1877.[6] By 1912, the Parsis, Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims of Bombay played a quadrangular tournament with the Europeans every year.[6] In the early 1900s, some Indians went on to play for the England cricket team. Some of these, such as Ranjitsinhji and Duleepsinhji were greatly appreciated by the British and their names went on to be used for the Ranji Trophy and Duleep Trophy – two major first-class tournaments in India. In 1911, an Indian men's cricket team, captained by Bhupinder Singh of Patiala, went on their first official tour of the British Isles, but only played English county teams and not the England cricket team.[7][8]

Test match status (1918–1970)[edit]

Lala Amarnath batting during a match against Middlesex at Lord's, c. 1936[9]
C. K. Nayudu, India's first captain in Test cricket

India was invited to the International Cricket Council in 1926, and made their debut as a Test playing nation in England in 1932, led by CK Nayudu, who was considered the best Indian batsman at the time.[10] The one-off Test match between the two sides was played at Lord's in London. The team was not strong in their batting[11] at this point and went on to lose by 158 runs.[12] India hosted its first men's Test series in the year 1933. England was the visiting team that played two Tests in Bombay (now Mumbai) and Calcutta (now Kolkata). The visitors won the series 2–0. The Indian team continued to improve throughout the 1930s and '40s but did not achieve an international victory during this period. In the early 1940s, India didn't play any men's Test cricket due to the World War II. The team's first series as an independent country was in late 1947 against Don Bradman's Australian cricket team in England in 1948 (a name given to the Australia national cricket team of that time). It was also the first Test series India played which was not against England. Australia men's cricket team won the five-match series 4–0, with Bradman tormenting the Indian bowling in his final Australian summer.[13] India subsequently played their first Test series at home not against England, but against the West Indies in 1948. West Indies won the five Test series 1–0.[14]

Elizabeth II with members of the Indian team during the Indian tour of England in 1952

India recorded their first Test victory, in their 24th match, against England at Madras in 1952.[15] Later in the same year, they won their first Test series, which was against Pakistan.[16] They continued their improvement throughout the early 1950s with a series win against New Zealand in 1956. However, they did not win again in the remainder of the decade and lost badly to strong Australian and English sides. On 24 August 1959, India lost by an innings in the Test to complete the only 5–0 whitewash ever inflicted by England.[17] The next decade saw India's reputation develop as a team with a strong record at home. They won their first Test series against England at home in 1961–62 and also won a home series against New Zealand. They managed to draw home series against Pakistan and Australia and another series against England. In this same period, India also won its first series outside the subcontinent, against New Zealand in 1967–68.[18]

The key to India's bowling in the 1970s were the Indian spin quartetBishan Singh Bedi, E. A. S. Prasanna, B. S. Chandrasekhar and Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan. This period also saw the emergence of two of India's best ever batsmen, Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Viswanath. Indian pitches have had the tendency to support spin and the spin quartet exploited this to create collapses in opposing batting line-ups.[19][20] These players were responsible for the back-to-back series wins in 1971 in the West Indies and in England, under the captaincy of Ajit Wadekar. Gavaskar scored 774 runs in the West Indian series while Dilip Sardesai's 112 played a big part in their one Test win.[21][22][23]

One-day cricket and ICC Cricket World Cup success (1970–1985)[edit]

A graph showing India's Test match results against all Test match teams from 1932 to September 2006.

The advent of men's One Day International (ODI) cricket in 1971 created a new dimension in the cricket world. However, India was not considered strong in ODIs at this point and batsmen such as the captain Gavaskar were known for their defensive approach to batting. India began as a weak team in ODIs and did not qualify for the second round in the first two editions of the Cricket World Cup.[24] Gavaskar infamously blocked his way to 36 not out off 174 balls against England in the first World Cup in 1975; India scored just 132 for 3 and lost by 202 runs.[25]

In contrast, India fielded a strong team in Test matches and was particularly strong at home, where their combination of stylish batsmen and beguiling spinners were at their best. India set a then Test record in the third Test against the West Indies at Port-of-Spain in 1976, when they chased 403 to win, thanks to 112 from Viswanath.[26] In November 1976, the team established another record by scoring 524 for 9 declared against New Zealand at Kanpur without any individual batsman scoring a century.[27] There were six fifties, the highest being 70 by Mohinder Amarnath.[28] This innings was only the eighth instance in Test cricket where all eleven batsmen reached double figures.[29]

During the 1980s, India developed a more attack-minded batting line-up with stroke makers such as the wristy Mohammad Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar and all-rounders Kapil Dev and Ravi Shastri. India won the Cricket World Cup in 1983, defeating the favourites and the two-time defending champions West Indies in the final at Lord's, owing to a strong bowling performance. In spite of this, the team performed poorly in the Test arena, including 28 consecutive Test matches without a victory. In 1984, India won the Asia Cup and in 1985, won the World Championship of Cricket in Australia. Apart from this, India remained a weak team outside the Indian subcontinent. India's Test series victory in 1986 against England remained the last Test series win by India outside the subcontinent for the next 19 years. The 1980s saw Gavaskar and Kapil Dev (India's best all-rounder to date) at the pinnacle of their careers. Gavaskar made a Test record 34 centuries as he became the first man to reach the 10,000 run mark. Kapil Dev later became the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket with 434 wickets.[30] The period was also marked by an unstable leadership, with Gavaskar and Kapil exchanging the captaincy several times.[31][32]

Late 20th century (1985–2000)[edit]

With 619 wickets, Anil Kumble is the world's fourth highest wicket-taker in Tests and India's highest Test and ODI wicket-taker.[33]

The addition of Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble to the national side in 1989 and 1990 further improved the team. The following year, Javagal Srinath, India's fastest bowler since Amar Singh made his debut. Despite this, during the 1990s, India did not win any of its 33 Tests outside the subcontinent while it won 17 out of its 30 Tests at home. After being eliminated by neighbours Sri Lanka on home soil at the 1996 Cricket World Cup semifinal, the team underwent a year of change as Sourav Ganguly and Rahul Dravid, later to become captains of the team, made their debut in the same Test at Lord's. Tendulkar replaced Azharuddin as captain in late 1996, but after a personal and team form slump, Tendulkar relinquished the captaincy and Azharuddin was reinstated at the beginning of 1998.[34]

After failing to reach the semifinals at the 1999 Cricket World Cup, Tendulkar was again made captain, and had another poor run, losing 3–0 on a tour of Australia and then 2–0 at home to South Africa. Tendulkar resigned, vowing never to captain the team again. Ganguly was appointed the new captain and the team was further damaged in 2000 when former captain Azharuddin and fellow batsman Ajay Jadeja were implicated in a match-fixing scandal and given life and five years bans respectively. This period was described by the BBC as "the Indian cricket's worst hour". However, the new core – Tendulkar, Dravid, Kumble and Ganguly – swore not to let this happen to them again, and lead Indian cricket out of the dark times. The first three put aside personal ambitions to let Ganguly lead them into a new era.[35]

21st century[edit]

Indian cricket team in action at Wankhede Stadium

The Indian team underwent major improvements under the captaincy of Sourav Ganguly and guidance of John Wright, India's first foreign coach.[36][37] In the Kolkata Test match, India became only the third team in the history of Test cricket to win a Test match after following on. Australian captain Steve Waugh labelled India as the "Final Frontier" because of his side's inability to win a Test series in India.[38] In the year 2002, India were joint-winners of the ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka and then went to the 2003 Cricket World Cup in South Africa, where they reached the final, only to be beaten by Australia. A convincing ODI series win in Pakistan in early 2006, following a loss in the Test series, gave India the world record of 17 successive ODI victories while batting second.[39]

Indian players celebrating after taking a wicket against New Zealand in 2010

In September 2007, India won the first-ever ICC Men's T20 World Cup held in South Africa, beating Pakistan by 5 runs in the final.[40] On 2 April 2011, India won the 2011 Cricket World Cup by defeating Sri Lanka in the final, thus becoming the third team after West Indies and Australia to win the World Cup twice.[41] India also became the first team to win the World Cup on home soil.[42] India defeated England in the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy Final and Dhoni became the first men's cricket team captain in history to win the three major ICC trophies, namely the Cricket World Cup, ICC Men's T20 World Cup and ICC Champions Trophy.[43][44]

In the 2014 ICC Men's World Twenty20 hosted in Bangladesh, India narrowly missed out on another ICC trophy by losing to Sri Lanka in the final.[45] India was knocked out of the 2015 Cricket World Cup in the semi-final to eventual winners Australia.[46]India then began 2016 by winning the 2016 Asia Cup, remaining unbeaten throughout the tournament.[47] The team were favourites to win the 2016 ICC World Twenty20, which was being held at home, but lost in the semi-final to eventual champions West Indies.[48] India defeated Pakistan in their first game of the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy but lost to the same opponents in the final, the first time they had met at this stage of a tournament since 2007.[49][50]

The Indian team's next major global tournament was the 2019 Cricket World Cup where the team finished first in the group stage with 7 wins and only 1 loss which came against host nation England.[51] They made the semis but lost to New Zealand by 18 runs.[52] Rohit Sharma was the highest run-scorer for the team with 648 runs. India played the 2021 ICC World Test Championship Final against New Zealand in Southampton in which they lost by 8 wickets.[53] India qualified for the semi-finals in the 2022 T20 World Cup, but lost to England by 10 wickets.[54]

Governing body[edit]

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the governing body for the Indian cricket team and first-class cricket in India. The Board has been operating since 1929 and represents India at the International Cricket Council (ICC). It is amongst the richest sporting organisations in the world. It sold media rights for India's matches from 2006 to 2010 for $612,000,000.[55]

The International Cricket Council determines India's upcoming matches through its future tours program. However, the BCCI, with its influential financial position in the cricketing world, has often challenged the ICC's program and called for more series between India, Australia and England which are more likely to earn more revenue as opposed to tours with Bangladesh or Zimbabwe.[56] In the past, the BCCI has also come into conflict with the ICC regarding sponsorships.[57]

Selection committee[edit]

Selection for the Indian cricket team occurs through the BCCI's zonal selection policy, where each of the five zones is represented with one selector and one of the members nominated by BCCI as the chairman of the selection committee. This has sometimes led to controversy as to whether these selectors are biased towards their zones.[58]

Until 18 November 2022, Chetan Sharma was senior major selector and Debashish Mohanty, Harvinder Singh and Sunil Joshi were members. This panel was sacked after the unsuccessful performance of the team in 2022 T20 world cup.[59]

Team colours[edit]

During the 1992 and 1999 Cricket World Cups, the Indian team's kit was sponsored by ISC and ASICS respectively,[60][61] but had been without an official kit sponsor till 2005. In December 2005, Nike outbid its competitors Adidas and Reebok, and acquired the contract for 5 years which started in January 2006 ahead of Indian team's tour to Pakistan.[62] Nike was a long time kit supplier to team India with two extensions for a period of five years each time; in 2011[63] and 2016[64] respectively.

After, Nike ended its contract in September 2020,[65] MPL Sports Apparel & Accessories, a subsidiary of online gaming platform Mobile Premier League replaced Nike as the kit manufacturer in October 2020 which was supposed to run until December 2023.[66][67]

In January 2023, MPL appointed Kewal Kiran Clothing Limited (KKCL) and Killer Jeans (a brand owned by KKCL) as interim sponsors till May 2023.[68]

In February 2023, it was announced that Adidas will begin a five year sponsorship deal in June 2023 ahead of ICC World Test Championship final, replacing KKCL.[69]

In May 2023, BCCI officially announced Adidas as their kit sponsor for next five years running until March 2028.[70][71][72]

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor [73]
1992 ISC
1993 - 2001 ITC Limited
(Wills & ITC Hotels)
1999 ASICS
2001 - 2005 Sahara
2006 - 2013 Nike
2014 - 2017 STAR India
2017 - 2019 Oppo
2019 - 2020 BYJU's
2020 - 2022 MPL Sports
2023 Killer Jeans
2023 - 2028 Adidas TBA
Sponsorship for ICC Tournaments
Tournament Kit Manufacturer Sleeve Sponsor
1975 Cricket World Cup
1979 Cricket World Cup
1983 Cricket World Cup
1987 Cricket World Cup
1992 Cricket World Cup ISC
1996 Cricket World Cup Wills
1998 ICC KnockOut Trophy
1999 Cricket World Cup ASICS
2000 ICC KnockOut Trophy
2002 ICC Champions Trophy Sahara
2003 Cricket World Cup Aamby Valley
2004 ICC Champions Trophy Sahara
2006 ICC Champions Trophy Nike
2007 Cricket World Cup
2007 ICC World Twenty20
2009 ICC World Twenty20
2009 ICC Champions Trophy
2010 ICC World Twenty20
2011 Cricket World Cup
2012 ICC World Twenty20
2013 ICC Champions Trophy
2014 ICC World Twenty20 STAR India
2015 Cricket World Cup
2016 ICC World Twenty20
2017 ICC Champions Trophy OPPO
2019 Cricket World Cup
2021 ICC World Test Championship MPL Sports BYJU's
2021 ICC World Twenty20
2022 ICC Men's T20 World Cup
2023 ICC World Test Championship Adidas TBA
2023 Cricket World Cup

Sponsorship[edit]

Current Sponsors & Partners[74]
Team sponsor TBA
Title sponsor Mastercard
Kit sponsor Adidas [75]
Official partners Dream 11
Hyundai
LafargeHolcim
(Ambuja Cements and ACC)
Official broadcaster TBA

Team sponsorship[edit]

BYJU's was the sponsor for Indian team from 5 September 2019 till 31 March 2023, after OPPO handed over the rights to them.[76] Their sponsorship was supposed to run from 2017 until 2022, but they handed over to BYJU's. On 7 March 2022, BYJU's extended its sponsorship for one year.[77][78]

Previously, the Indian team was sponsored by Star India from 2014 to 2017,[79] Sahara India Pariwar from 2001 to 2013 [80][81] and ITC Limited (with Wills and ITC Hotels brands) from 1993 to 2001.[82]

Official partners[edit]

On 30 August 2019, following the conclusion of the expression of interest process for official partners' rights, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) announced that Sporta Technologies Pvt. Ltd. (Dream11), LafargeHolcim (ACC Cement, and Ambuja Cements) and Hyundai Motors India Ltd. have acquired the official partners' rights for the BCCI International and Domestic matches during 2019–2023.[83]

Disney Star and Airtel have been title sponsors previously.[84][85]

The title sponsors of all international and domestic matches played in India is Mastercard for the 2022–23 season.[86] The title sponsorship was initially given to Paytm for all matches played between 2015 and 2023 [87] but was handed over to Mastercard in 2022.

Official broadcasters[edit]

Star Sports Network was the official broadcaster until March 2023 for all matches the team plays in India.[88][89]

International grounds[edit]

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There are numerous world-renowned cricket stadiums located in India. Most grounds are under the administration of various state cricket boards as opposed to being under the control of the BCCI. The Bombay Gymkhana was the first ground in India to host a full-scale cricket match featuring an Indian cricket team. This was between the Parsis and the Europeans in 1877. The first stadium to host a Test match in India was also the Gymkhana Ground in Bombay in 1933, the only Test it ever hosted. The second and third Tests in the 1933 series were hosted at Eden Gardens and Chepauk. The Feroz Shah Kotla Ground in Delhi was the first stadium to host a Test match after independence, a draw against the West Indies in 1948, the first of a 5-Test series. 21 stadiums in India have hosted at least one official Test match. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of world-class cricket stadiums in India.[90][91]

India currently has the world's largest cricket stadium.[92][93] The Narendra Modi Stadium, is a cricket stadium in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Eden Gardens in Kolkata has hosted the most Tests, and also has the third-largest seating capacity of any cricket stadium in the world. Founded in 1864, it is one of the most historical stadiums in India, having hosted numerous historical and controversial matches.[94][95] Other major stadiums in India include the Arun Jaitley Cricket Stadium, which was established in 1883 and hosted memorable matches including Anil Kumble's ten wickets in an innings haul against Pakistan.[96]

The Bombay Gymkhana hosted the first Test match in India which is the only Test it has hosted to date.[97] Wankhede Stadium, established in 1974, has a capacity to hold 33,000 spectators and is currently the most popular venue in the city. It has hosted 24 Test matches. It was the unofficial successor of the Brabourne Stadium, which is also located in Mumbai. Mumbai is often considered the cricketing capital of India because of its fans and the talent it produces (see Mumbai cricket team) and thus the stadium regularly hosts major Test matches.[98] The M. A. Chidambaram Stadium in Chepauk is also considered to be an important historical Indian cricket ground, established in the early 1900s, and it was the site of India's first Test victory.[99]

Captains[edit]

A total of 35 men have captained the Indian men's cricket team in at least one Test match, although only six have led the team in more than 25 matches, and six have captained the team in men's ODIs but not Tests. India's first captain of men's cricket team was C. K. Nayudu, who led the team in four matches against England: one in England in 1932 and a series of three matches at home in 1933–34. Lala Amarnath, India's fourth captain of men's cricket team and the first Indian to score a century in test cricket while playing for India, led the team in its first Test match after Indian independence. He also captained the side to its first Test victory and first series win, both in a three-match series at home against Pakistan in 1952–53. From 1952 until 1961–62, India men's cricket team had a number of captains such as Vijay Hazare, Polly Umrigar and Nari Contractor.[100][101]

The Nawab of Pataudi, Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, was the men's team's captain for 36 Test matches from 1961–62 to 1969–70, returning for another four matches against West Indies in 1974–75. In the early years of his captaincy tenure, the team was whitewashed in the West Indies, England and Australia. However, in 1967–68, Pataudi led India men's cricket team on its maiden New Zealand tour, which ended in India winning the Test series 3–1.[102] In 1970–71, Ajit Wadekar took over the captaincy from Pataudi. Under Wadekar's captaincy, India registered its first Test series win in the West Indies and England. India played its first men's ODI in 1974, also under his captaincy.[103] India won its first men's ODI under the captaincy of Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan in the 1975 Cricket World Cup, against East Africa cricket team. Between 1975–76 and 1978–79, Bishan Singh Bedi captained the team in 22 men's Tests and 4 ODIs, winning 6 Tests and one ODI.[104][105]

Sunil Gavaskar took over as men's Test and ODI captain in 1978–79, leading India in 47 Test matches and 37 ODIs, winning 9 Tests and 14 ODIs. He was succeeded by Kapil Dev in the 1980s, who captained for 34 Test matches, including 4 victories. Kapil Dev led India to victory in 39 of his 74 ODIs in charge, including the 1983 Cricket World Cup. Kapil Dev also captained India's 2–0 Test series victory in England in 1986. Between 1987–88 and 1989–90, India had three captains in Dilip Vengsarkar, Ravi Shastri and Krishnamachari Srikkanth. Vengsarkar took over the captaincy from Kapil Dev after the 1987 Cricket World Cup. Although he started with two centuries in his first series as captain, his captaincy period was turbulent and he lost the job following a disastrous tour of the West Indies in early-1989 and a stand-off with the Indian cricket board (BCCI).[106][107]

India has had six regular Test captains of men's cricket team since Mohammad Azharuddin took charge in 1989. Azharuddin led the team in 47 Test matches from 1989–90 to 1998–99, winning 14, and in 174 ODIs, winning 90. He was followed by Sachin Tendulkar, who captained the men's cricket team in 25 Test matches and 73 ODIs in the late 1990s; Tendulkar was relatively unsuccessful[108][109] as a captain, winning only 4 Test matches and 23 ODIs.

Sourav Ganguly became the regular captain of the men's team in both Tests and ODIs in 2000.[110] He remained captain until 2005–06 and became the then most successful Indian captain, winning 21 of his 49 Test matches in charge and 76 of his 146 ODIs. Under his captaincy, India became the joint-winners of the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka, and the runners-up of the 2003 Cricket World Cup. India lost only three Tests at home under Ganguly and managed to draw Test series in England and Australia. Rahul Dravid took over as men's Test captain in 2005. In 2006, he led India to its first Test series victory in the West Indies in more than 30 years.[111]

In September 2007, MS Dhoni was named as the new captain of the men's ODI and Twenty20 International teams, after Dravid stepped down from the post. Soon after taking up the captaincy, Dhoni led the team to the inaugural World men's Twenty20 title. Anil Kumble was appointed Test captain in November 2007, but retired from international cricket in November 2008 after captaining in 14 Tests. Dhoni succeeded him as the men's Test captain, making him the captain in all formats. Under the captaincy of Dhoni, the Indian men's cricket team held the number one position in the ICC Men's Test Team Rankings for 21 months (from November 2009 to August 2011), and set a national record for most back-to-back ODI wins (nine straight wins).[112] Dhoni also led the team to victory in 2011 Cricket World Cup and 2013 ICC Champions Trophy. Thus, Dhoni became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies, namely- ICC Cricket World Cup in 2011, ICC Men's T20 World Cup in 2007 and ICC Champions Trophy in 2013.[113] However, the team performed poorly in away Tests from 2011 to 2014 and Dhoni retired from Test cricket in December 2014, with Virat Kohli being named as the new Test captain.[114] Dhoni resigned as captain of the ODI and T20I teams in January 2017 and Kohli succeeded him at the position.[115]

Under Kohli's captaincy, India was unbeaten in 19 Test matches, starting from a 3–0 series win over New Zealand and ending with a 2–1 series win over Australia. India also had an unbeaten streak of winning 9 consecutive Test series, starting with a 3–0 series win over Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka and ending with a 1–0 series win over Sri Lanka at home. India also became only the third team after Australia and South Africa to have won their most recent Test series simultaneously against all the other Test playing nations. As per winning percentage in Test matches, Kohli was India's second most successful Test captain, behind Ajinkya Rahane, having won more than 58% of Test matches (at least 2 games).[116]

In November 2021, Rohit Sharma was appointed as the new T20I captain of the Indian men's cricket team after Kohli resigned from the role.[117] Kohli led India one last time in T20Is at the T20 World Cup 2021. Under Rohit's first series as permanent captaincy, India whitewashed New Zealand at home in the T20I series 3–0.[118] In December 2021, Sharma was also appointed as the new ODI captain of the Indian men's cricket team, replacing Kohli ahead of their away series against South Africa.[119] Kohli later quit as Test captain as well, after their Test series loss to South Africa.[120] Sharma replaced Kohli as Test captain before the Test series against Sri Lanka[121] and is now the Full-Time Captain of the Indian men's cricket team.

Current squad[edit]

This lists all the players who have played for India in the past 12 months or was named in the most recent Test, ODI or T20I squad. In March 2023, BCCI published a new contract list which will be valid from October 2022 to September 2023 for the 2022–2023 season.[122][123]

Key
Symbol Meaning
CG Contract grade with BCCI
No. Shirt number of the player in all formats
Format Denotes the player recently played in which particular format, not his entire career
Name Age Batting style Bowling style Domestic team IPL Team CG Forms No. Last Test Last ODI Last T20I
Captain; Opening batter
Rohit Sharma 36 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Mumbai Mumbai Indians A+ Test, ODI, T20I 45 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2022
ODI & T20I vice-captain; All-rounder
Hardik Pandya 30 Right-handed Right-arm medium-fast Baroda Gujarat Titans A ODI, T20I 33 Template:Cricon 2018 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023
Batters
Ajinkya Rahane 35 Right-handed N/A Mumbai Chennai Super Kings N/A Test 27 Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2018 Template:Cricon 2016
Cheteshwar Pujara 36 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Saurashtra N/A B Test 25 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2014 N/A
Rahul Tripathi 33 Right-handed N/A Maharashtra Sunrisers Hyderabad N/A T20I 52 N/A N/A Template:Cricon 2023
Ruturaj Gaikwad 27 Right-handed N/A Maharashtra Chennai Super Kings N/A ODI, T20I 31 N/A Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2022
Shikhar Dhawan 38 Left-handed Right-arm off spin Delhi Punjab Kings C ODI 42 Template:Cricon 2018 Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2021
Shreyas Iyer 29 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Mumbai Kolkata Knight Riders B Test, ODI, T20I 41 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2022
Shubman Gill 24 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Punjab Gujarat Titans B Test, ODI, T20I 77 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023
Suryakumar Yadav 33 Right-handed N/A Mumbai Mumbai Indians B Test, ODI, T20I 63 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023
Virat Kohli 35 Right-handed Right-arm medium Delhi Royal Challengers Bangalore A+ Test, ODI, T20I 18 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2022
All-rounders
Axar Patel 30 Left-handed Left-arm orthodox spin Gujarat Delhi Capitals A Test, ODI, T20I 20 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023
Deepak Hooda 28 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Rajasthan Lucknow Super Giants C ODI, T20I 57 N/A Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2023
Hanuma Vihari 30 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Hyderabad N/A N/A Test 44 Template:Cricon 2022 N/A N/A
Ravichandran Ashwin 37 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Tamil Nadu Rajasthan Royals A Test, T20I 99 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2022
Ravindra Jadeja 35 Left-handed Left-arm orthodox spin Saurashtra Chennai Super Kings A+ Test, ODI, T20I 8 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2022
Shahbaz Ahmed 29 Left-handed Left-arm orthodox spin Bengal Royal Challengers Bangalore N/A ODI 47 N/A Template:Cricon 2022 N/A
Washington Sundar 24 Left-handed Right-arm off spin Tamil Nadu Sunrisers Hyderabad C ODI, T20I 5 Template:Cricon 2021 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023
Wicket-keepers
Ishan Kishan 25 Left-handed N/A Jharkhand Mumbai Indians C Test, ODI, T20I 32 N/A Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023
K. L. Rahul 31 Right-handed N/A Karnataka Lucknow Super Giants B Test, ODI, T20I 1 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2022
K. S. Bharat 30 Right-handed N/A Andhra Gujarat Titans C Test 14 Template:Cricon 2023 N/A N/A
Rishabh Pant 26 Left-handed N/A Delhi Delhi Capitals A Test, ODI, T20I 17 Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2022
Sanju Samson 29 Right-handed N/A Kerala Rajasthan Royals C ODI, T20I 9 N/A Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2023
Pace bowlers
Arshdeep Singh 25 Left-handed Left-arm medium-fast Punjab Punjab Kings C ODI, T20I 2 N/A Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2023
Avesh Khan 27 Right–handed Right-arm fast-medium Madhya Pradesh Lucknow Super Giants N/A ODI, T20I 65 N/A Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2022
Bhuvneshwar Kumar 34 Right-handed Right-arm medium Uttar Pradesh Sunrisers Hyderabad N/A T20I 15 Template:Cricon 2018 Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2022
Deepak Chahar 31 Right-handed Right-arm medium Rajasthan Chennai Super Kings N/A ODI, T20I 90 N/A Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2022
Harshal Patel 33 Right-handed Right arm medium Haryana Royal Challengers Bangalore N/A T20I 36 N/A N/A Template:Cricon 2023
Jasprit Bumrah 30 Right-handed Right-arm fast Gujarat Mumbai Indians A+ Test, ODI, T20I 93 Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2022
Jaydev Unadkat Expression error: Missing operand for -. Right-handed Left-arm medium Saurashtra Lucknow Super Giants N/A Test 91 Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2013 Template:Cricon 2018
Kuldeep Sen 27 Right-handed Right-arm fast Madhya Pradesh Rajasthan Royals N/A ODI 4 N/A Template:Cricon 2022 N/A
Mohammed Shami 33 Right-handed Right-arm fast Bengal Gujarat Titans A Test, ODI, T20I 11 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2022
Mohammed Siraj 29 Right-handed Right-arm fast Hyderabad Royal Challengers Bangalore B Test, ODI, T20I 73 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2022
Prasidh Krishna 28 Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium Karnataka Rajasthan Royals N/A ODI 24 N/A Template:Cricon 2022 N/A
Shardul Thakur 32 Right-handed Right-arm medium Mumbai Kolkata Knight Riders C Test, ODI, T20I 54 Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2022
Shivam Mavi 25 Right-handed Right-arm fast-medium Uttar Pradesh Gujarat Titans N/A T20I 26 N/A N/A Template:Cricon 2023
Umesh Yadav 36 Right-handed Right-arm fast Vidarbha Kolkata Knight Riders C Test, T20I 70 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2018 Template:Cricon 2022
Umran Malik 24 Right-handed Right-arm fast Jammu and Kashmir Sunrisers Hyderabad N/A ODI, T20I 21 N/A Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023
Spin bowlers
Kuldeep Yadav 29 Left-handed Left-arm unorthodox spin Uttar Pradesh Delhi Capitals C Test, ODI, T20I 23 Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023
Ravi Bishnoi 23 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Rajasthan Lucknow Super Giants N/A ODI, T20I 56 N/A Template:Cricon 2022 Template:Cricon 2022
Yuzvendra Chahal 33 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Haryana Rajasthan Royals C ODI, T20I 3 N/A Template:Cricon 2023 Template:Cricon 2023

Pay grade[edit]

BCCI awards central contracts to its players, its pay graded according to the importance of the player. Players' salaries are as follows:[122]

Match fees

Players also receive a match fee of Template:INRConvert per Test match, Template:INRConvert per ODI, and Template:INRConvert per T20I.

Coaching staff[edit]

Position Name
Team manager Girish Dongre[124]
Head coach Rahul Dravid[125]
Batting coach Vikram Rathour[126]
Bowling coach Paras Mhambrey[127]
Fielding coach T Dilip[128]

Rahul Dravid was appointed as the head coach of India from November 2021 replacing Ravi Shastri, under whom India won several historic matches. Rahul Dravid was also the coach of India national under-19 cricket team and India A cricket team before becoming the head coach[129]

Tournament history[edit]

World Test Championship[edit]

ICC World Test Championship record
Year League stage Final Host Final Final Position
Pos Matches Ded PC Pts PCT
P W L D T
2019–2021[130] 1/9 17 12 4 1 0 0 720 520 72.2 Rose Bowl, England Lost to
  1. REDIRECCIÓN Plantilla:Cita requerida by 8 wickets || 2/9
2021–2023[131] 2/9 18 10 5 3 0 5 1216 127 58.80 The Oval, London

Cricket World Cup[edit]

World Cup record
Host and Year Round Position GP W L T NR Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias ENG|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias ENGの旗]] 1975[132] Round 1 6/8 3 1 2 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias ENG|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias ENGの旗]] 1979[133] Round 1 7/8 3 0 3 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias ENG|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias ENGの旗]] 1983[134][135] Champions 1/8 8 6 2 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias IND|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias INDの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias PAK|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias PAKの旗]] 1987[136] Semi-finals 3/8 7 5 2 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias AUS|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias AUSの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias NZL|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias NZLの旗]] 1992[137] Round 1 7/9 8 2 5 0 1 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias IND|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias INDの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias PAK|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias PAKの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias SRI|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias SRIの旗]] 1996[138] Semi-finals 3/12 7 4 3 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias England|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias Englandの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias IRL|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias IRLの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias NED|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias NEDの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias SCO|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias SCOの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias Wales|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias Walesの旗]]1999[139] R2 (Super 6s) 6/12 8 4 4 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias RSA|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias RSAの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias ZIM|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias ZIMの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias KEN|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias KENの旗]] 2003[140] Runners-up 2/14 11 9 2 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias WIN|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias WINの旗]] 2007[141] Group Stage 9/16 3 1 2 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias IND|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias INDの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias SRI|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias SRIの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias BAN|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias BANの旗]] 2011[142][143] Champions 1/14 9 7 1 1 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias AUS|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias AUSの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias NZL|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias NZLの旗]] 2015[144] Semi-finals 3/14 8 7 1 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias ENG|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias ENGの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias WAL|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias WALの旗]] 2019[145] Semi-finals 3/10 10 7 2 0 1 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias IND|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias INDの旗]] 2023 Qualified
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias NAM|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias NAMの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias ZIM|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias ZIMの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias SA|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias SAの旗]] 2027[146] TBA
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias IND|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias INDの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias BAN|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias BANの旗]] 2031[147] Qualified
Total 2 Titles 12/12 85 53 29 1 2

T20 World Cup[edit]

T20 World Cup record
Host and Year Round Position GP W L T NR Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias RSA|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias RSAの旗]] 2007[148][149] Champions 1/12 7 5 1 1 1 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias ENG|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias ENGの旗]] 2009[150] Super 8s 7/12 5 2 3 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias WIN|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias WINの旗]] 2010[151] Super 8s 8/12 5 2 3 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias SRI|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias SRIの旗]] 2012[152] Super 8s 5/12 5 4 1 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias BAN|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias BANの旗]] 2014[153] Runners-up 2/16 6 5 1 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias IND|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias INDの旗]] 2016[154] Semi-finals 4/16 5 3 2 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias IND|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias INDの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias UAE|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias UAEの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias OMA|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias OMAの旗]] 2021[155] Super 12s 6/16 5 3 2 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias AUS|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias AUSの旗]] 2022 Semi-finals 3/16 6 4 2 0 0 Squad
Template:Cricon [[Image:Template:Country flag alias USA|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias USAの旗]] 2024[156] Qualified
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias IND|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias INDの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias SL|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias SLの旗]] 2026[157] Qualified
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias AUS|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias AUSの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias NZ|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias NZの旗]] 2028[158] Qualified
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias ENG|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias ENGの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias IRE|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias IREの旗]] [[Image:Template:Country flag alias SCO|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias SCOの旗]] 2030[159] Qualified
Total 1 Title 8/8 45 28 15 1 1

Champions Trophy[edit]

Champions Trophy record
Host and Year Round Position GP W L T NR Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias Bangladesh|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias Bangladeshの旗]] 1998[160] Semi-finals 3/9 2 1 1 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias Kenya|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias Kenyaの旗]] 2000[161] Runners-up 2/11 4 3 1 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias Sri Lanka|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias Sri Lankaの旗]] 2002[162] Champions 1/12 4 3 0 0 1 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias England|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias Englandの旗]] 2004[163] Group stage 7/12 2 1 1 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias India|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias Indiaの旗]] 2006[164] Group stage 5/10 3 1 2 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias South Africa|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias South Africaの旗]] 2009[165] Group stage 5/8 3 1 1 0 1 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias England|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias Englandの旗]] 2013[166] Champions 1/8 5 5 0 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias England|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias Englandの旗]] 2017[167] Runners-up 2/8 5 3 2 0 0 Squad
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias PAK|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias PAKの旗]] 2025[168] Qualified
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias IND|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias INDの旗]] 2029[169] Qualified
Total 2 Titles 8/8 28 18 8 0 2

Asia Cup[edit]

Asia Cup record
Host and Year Round Position GP W L T NR
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias UAE|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias UAEの旗]] 1984[170][171] Champions 1/3 2 2 0 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias SRI|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias SRIの旗]] 1986[172] Boycotted the tournament[173]
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias BAN|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias BANの旗]] 1988[174] Champions 1/4 4 3 1 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias IND|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias INDの旗]] 1990–91[175] Champions 1/3 3 2 1 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias UAE|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias UAEの旗]] 1995[176] Champions 1/4 4 3 1 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias SRI|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias SRIの旗]] 1997[177] Runners-up 2/4 4 1 2 0 1
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias BAN|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias BANの旗]] 2000[178] First round 3/4 3 1 2 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias SRI|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias SRIの旗]] 2004[179] Runners-up 2/6 6 3 3 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias PAK|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias PAKの旗]] 2008[180] Runners-up 2/6 6 4 2 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias SRI|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias SRIの旗]] 2010[181] Champions 1/4 4 3 1 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias BAN|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias BANの旗]] 2012[182] First round 3/4 3 2 1 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias BAN|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias BANの旗]] 2014[183] First round 3/5 4 2 2 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias BAN|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias BANの旗]] 2016[184] Champions 1/5 5 5 0 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias UAE|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias UAEの旗]] 2018[185] Champions 1/6 6 5 0 1 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias UAE|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias UAEの旗]] 2022[186] Super Four 3/6 5 3 2 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias PAK|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias PAKの旗]] 2023
Total 7 Titles 14/15 59 39 18 1 1

Other tournaments[edit]

Commonwealth Games[edit]

Commonwealth Games record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias MAS|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias MASの旗]] 1998[187] Group stage 9/16 3 1 1 0 1
Total 0 Title 1/1 3 1 1 0 1

World Championship of Cricket[edit]

World Championship of Cricket record
Year Round Position GP W L T N/R
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias Australia|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias Australiaの旗]] 1985[188][189] Champions 1/7 5 5 0 0 0
Total 1 Title 1/1 5 0 0 0 0

Austral-Asia Cup[edit]

Austral-Asia Cup record
Year Round Position GP W L T N/R
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias UAE|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias UAEの旗]] 1986[190] Runners-up 2/5 3 2 1 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias UAE|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias UAEの旗]] 1990[191] Group Stage 5/6 2 0 2 0 0
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias UAE|border|25x20px|Template:Country alias UAEの旗]] 1994[192] Runners-up 2/6 4 2 2 0 0
Total 0 Title 3/3 9 4 5 0 0

Honours[edit]

ICC[edit]

ACC[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Tests[edit]

Head-to-Head record Template:India Test cricket records by opponent

One-Day Internationals[edit]

Head-to-Head record Template:India ODI cricket records by opponent

Twenty20 Internationals[edit]

Head-to-Head record Template:India T20I cricket records by opponent

Players in bold text are still active with India in T20I format.

Individual records[edit]

Sachin Tendulkar celebrating his 38th Test century during a match against Australia in 2008. He holds multiple world records including the world's leading run-scorer and century maker in both Tests and ODIs.[199]

Sachin Tendulkar, who began playing for India as a 16-year-old in 1989 and has since become the most prolific run-scorer in the history of both Test and ODI cricket, holds a large number of national batting records. He holds the record of most appearances in both Tests and ODIs, most runs in both Tests and ODIs and most centuries in Tests and ODIs.[200] The highest score by an Indian is the 319 scored by Virender Sehwag in Chennai. It is the second triple century in Test cricket by an Indian, the first being a 309 also made by Sehwag although against Pakistan. The team's highest ever score was a 759/7 against England at MA Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai in 2016, while its lowest score was 36 against Australia in 2020.[201] In ODIs, the team's highest score is 418/5 against West Indies at Indore in 2011–12. India score 413–5 in a match against Bermuda in 2007 World Cup which is the highest score ever in Cricket World Cup history. In the same match, India set a world record of the highest winning margin in an ODI match of 257 runs.[202]

India has also had some very strong bowling figures, with spin bowler Anil Kumble being a member of the elite group of 4 bowlers who have taken 600 Test wickets.[203] In 1999, Anil Kumble emulated Jim Laker to become the second bowler to take all ten wickets in a Test match innings when he took 10 wickets for 74 runs against Pakistan at the Feroz Shah Kotla in Delhi.[204][205]

Many of the Indian cricket team's records are also world records, for example Sachin Tendulkar's century tally (in Tests and ODIs) and run tally (also in both Tests and ODIs).[206] Dhoni's 183 not out against Sri Lanka in 2005 is the world record score by a wicketkeeper in ODIs.[207] The Indian cricket team also holds the record sequence of 17 successful run-chases in ODIs,[208] which ended in a dramatic match against the West Indies in May 2006, which India lost by just 1 run.[209]

Tendulkar was the first batsman to score 200 runs (he was unbeaten on 200 from 147 deliveries including 25 fours and 3 sixes) in a single ODI innings, on 24 February 2010 against South Africa in Gwalior.[210] On 8 December 2011, this achievement was eclipsed by compatriot Virender Sehwag, who scored 219 runs from 149 deliveries (25 fours and 7 sixes) versus West Indies in Indore.[211] On 13 November 2014 the record was broken by another Indian opening batsmen, Rohit Sharma, who scored 264 runs from 173 deliveries (33 fours and 9 sixes) against Sri Lanka in Kolkata. In 2013, Dhoni became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies- ICC Cricket World Cup in 2011, ICC World Twenty20 in 2007 and ICC Champions Trophy in 2013.[212][213][214][215]

In 2014, Kohli became the first cricketer to win back-to-back man of the series awards in the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 and 2016 ICC World Twenty20. Kohli is also the highest scorer in T20Is as of November 2022.[216] In 2017, Ravichandran Ashwin became the fastest cricketer in history to reach 250 wickets.[217]

Fan following[edit]

Supporters of the Indian cricket team waving the Indian flag during match between India and Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground

Owing to the massive Indian diaspora in nations like Australia, England and South Africa, a large Indian fan turnout is expected whenever India plays in each of these nations. There have been a number of official fan groups that have been formed over the years, including the Swami Army or Bharat Army,[218] the Indian equivalent of the Barmy Army, that were very active in their support when India toured Australia in 2003/2004. They are known to attribute a number of popular Indian songs to the cricket team.[219]

Fan rivalry and cross-border tension has created a strong rivalry between the Indian and the Pakistani cricket teams. In tours between these two nations, cricket visas are often employed to accommodate for the tens of thousands of fans wishing to cross the border to watch cricket. This intense fan dedication is one of the major causes of the BCCI's financial success.[220]

However, there are downsides to having such a cricket-loving population. Many Indians hold cricket very close to their hearts and losses are not received well by the Indian population. In some cases, particularly after losses to Pakistan or after a long string of weak performances, there have been reports of player effigies being burnt in the streets and vandalism of player homes.[221] In many cases, players have come under intense attention from the media for negative reasons, this has been considered one of the reasons for Sourav Ganguly being left out of the Indian team. At times, when a match is surrounded by controversy, it has resulted in a debacle. For example, when India slid to defeat against Australia at Brabourne Stadium in 1969, fans began throwing stones and bottles onto the field as well as setting fire to the stands, before laying siege to the Australian dressing rooms. During the same tour, a stampede occurred at Eden Gardens when tickets were oversold and India fell to another loss; the Australian team bus was later stoned with bricks.[222] A similar event occurred during the 1996 Cricket World Cup, where India were losing the semi-final to Sri Lanka at Eden Gardens. In this case, the fan behaviour was directed at the Indian team in disappointment at their lacklustre performance. An armed guard had to be placed at the home of captain Mohammad Azharuddin to ensure his safety.[222] Indian fans have also been passionate in their following of Sachin Tendulkar, who has been commonly thought of as one of the best batsmen in the world. Glorified for the bulk of his career, a riot occurred in early 1999 in a Test against Pakistan at Eden Gardens after a collision with Pakistani paceman Shoaib Akhtar saw him run out, forcing police to eject spectators and the game to be played in an empty stadium. Although in 2006, a string of low scores resulted in Tendulkar being booed by the Mumbai crowd when he got out against England.[223]

Sudhir Kumar Chaudhary, a fan of the Indian cricket team, travels to all Indian home games with his body painted as the Indian flag.[224][225]

Often, fans engage in protests regarding players if they believe that regionalism has affected selection, or because of regional partisan support for local players. In 2005, when Sourav Ganguly was dropped from the team, Ganguly's home town Kolkata erupted in protests.[226] India later played a match against South Africa in Kolkata, West Bengal. The Indian team was booed by the crowd who supported South Africa instead of India in response to Ganguly's dropping.[227] Similar regional divisions in India regarding selection have also caused protests against the team, with political activists from the regional Kalinga Kamgar Sena party in Odisha disrupting the arrival of the team in Cuttack for an ODI over the lack of a local player in the team, with one activist manhandling coach Greg Chappell.[228] Similar treatment was handed to Sunil Gavaskar in the 1987 World Cup Semi Finals by crowds at Wankhede Stadium when he got bowled by Phillip DeFreitas.[223]

A successful string of results, especially victories against the arch-rival Pakistan or victories in major tournaments such as the World Cup are greeted with particular ecstasy from the Indian fans.[229][230][231]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  125. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-05; abgerufen am 5. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  126. ^ Rudransh Khurana: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 11. November 2021, archiviert vom Original am 2023-01-04; abgerufen am 4. Januar 2023 (american English).
  127. ^ Gaurav Gupta: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 12. November 2021, archiviert vom Original am 2023-01-04; abgerufen am 4. Januar 2023 (english).
  128. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] 12. November 2021, archiviert vom Original am 2023-03-04; abgerufen am 4. Februar 2023.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  129. ^ Sanika Sawant: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 20. Februar 2023, abgerufen am 30. März 2023 (american English).
  130. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2021-08-12; abgerufen am 29. August 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  131. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2019-08-01; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  132. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  133. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  134. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  135. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  136. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-15; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  137. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-15; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  138. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-20; abgerufen am 20. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  139. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-15; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  140. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-04; abgerufen am 4. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  141. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-09-30; abgerufen am 4. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  142. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-04; abgerufen am 4. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  143. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-04; abgerufen am 4. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  144. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-04; abgerufen am 4. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  145. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-04; abgerufen am 4. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  146. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-05; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  147. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-05; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  148. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  149. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-08; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  150. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  151. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  152. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  153. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  154. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  155. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-03; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  156. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-05; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  157. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-05; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  158. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-05; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  159. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-05; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  160. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-09-29; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  161. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-15; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  162. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-16; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  163. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-03; abgerufen am 3. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  164. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-03; abgerufen am 3. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  165. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-09-29; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  166. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-09-07; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  167. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-13; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  168. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-05; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  169. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-05; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  170. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  171. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  172. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-15; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  173. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] 12. September 2018, archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  174. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-03; abgerufen am 3. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  175. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-05; abgerufen am 5. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  176. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-05; abgerufen am 5. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  177. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-05; abgerufen am 5. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  178. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-05; abgerufen am 5. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  179. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-05; abgerufen am 5. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  180. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-05; abgerufen am 5. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  181. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-05; abgerufen am 5. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  182. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-05; abgerufen am 5. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  183. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-04; abgerufen am 4. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  184. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-04; abgerufen am 4. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  185. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-03; abgerufen am 3. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  186. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-10-03; abgerufen am 3. Oktober 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  187. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-15; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  188. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  189. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2021-12-06; abgerufen am 6. Dezember 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  190. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-15; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  191. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-15; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  192. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-15; abgerufen am 15. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  193. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2022-12-23; abgerufen am 12. März 2023.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  194. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2022-12-08; abgerufen am 10. März 2023.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  195. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2023-03-29; abgerufen am 22. März 2023.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  196. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2023-03-29; abgerufen am 17. März 2023.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  197. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2023-03-29; abgerufen am 21. November 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  198. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2023-03-29; abgerufen am 21. November 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  199. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] ESPNCricInfo, archiviert vom Original am 2012-09-15; abgerufen am 8. März 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  200. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-07-02; abgerufen am 12. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  201. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2021-02-02; abgerufen am 26. Januar 2021.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  202. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-12; abgerufen am 12. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  203. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-05-03; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  204. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-14; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  205. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-12-01; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  206. ^ Times of Sports: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Times of Sports, 6. April 2020, archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-14; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  207. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-05-05; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  208. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". 21. Mai 2006, archiviert vom Original am 2022-03-09; abgerufen am 8. März 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  209. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-14; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  210. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-14; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  211. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] 8. Dezember 2021, archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-14; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  212. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-14; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  213. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] 15. August 2020, archiviert vom Original am 2022-12-01; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  214. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] 20. Dezember 2018, archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-14; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  215. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] 30. April 2020, archiviert vom Original am 2022-12-01; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  216. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-11-27; abgerufen am 14. Januar 2023.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  217. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] Archiviert vom Original am 2022-08-14; abgerufen am 14. August 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  218. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] www.bharat-army.com, archiviert vom Original am 2015-07-02; abgerufen am 1. Juli 2015.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  219. ^ "Swami Army Roars to Full Battle Cry". The Age Newspaper. Melbourne. 28 December 2003. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 21 September 2006.
  220. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2006-09-03; abgerufen am 21. September 2006.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  221. ^ "Ganguly's Debt of Gratitude". BBC News. 21 March 2003. Archived from the original on 13 January 2009. Retrieved 21 September 2006.
  222. ^ a b Andrew Miller, Martin Williamson: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] 11. April 2006, archiviert vom Original am 2007-02-08; abgerufen am 8. März 2022.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  223. ^ a b [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". India Daily, archiviert vom Original am 2006-10-11; abgerufen am 15. Januar 2006.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  224. ^ George Binoy: [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] ESPNcricinfo, 4. Juni 2007, archiviert vom Original am 2010-02-28; abgerufen am 15. Februar 2010.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
  225. ^ "Sachin is this fan's match ticket". The Times of India. 31 January 2007. Archived from the original on 27 February 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
  226. ^ [Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle".] In: Script error: No such module "Vorlage:Internetquelle". Archiviert vom Original am 2005-12-18; abgerufen am 14. Oktober 2006.Vorlage:Cite web/temporär
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Further reading[edit]

  • Majumdar, Boria (2018). Eleven Gods and a Billion Indians: The On and Off the Field Story of Cricket in India and Beyond. New Delhi: Simon & Schuster India. ISBN 978-93-86797-18-6.
  • Guha, Ramachandra (2020). The Commonwealth of Cricket. ISBN 978-93-90327-28-7.
  • Guha, Ramachandra (2003). A Corner of a Foreign Field. Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-330-49117-4.
  • Sen, Ronojoy (2015). Nation at Play. Contemporary Asia in the World. ISBN 978-0-231-16490-0.

External links[edit]

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