Template:Cite interview/doc

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This template is used to cite sources in Wikipedia. It is specifically for interviews.


All fields must be lowercase. Copy a blank version to use. Remember that the "|" character must be between each field, the fields must be in lowercase, and please delete all the fields that are not being used to clear clutter in the edit window. See also the complete description of fields.

Full version (copy and paste text below and delete parameters you don't need)
{{cite interview |last= |first= |subject= |subjectlink= |last2= |first2= |subject2= |subjectlink2= |last3= |first3= |subject3= |subjectlink3= |last4= |subject4= |interviewer= |cointerviewers= |title= |type= |url= |format= |program= |callsign= |city= |date= |year= |month= |page= |pages= |accessdate= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote=}}
Most commonly used fields (or you can use this and not have to delete as much)
{{cite interview |last= |first= |subjectlink= |interviewer= |title= |callsign = |city= |date= |program= |accessdate=}}
Example 1

{{cite interview |last= Blackmun |first= Harry |subjectlink= Harry Blackmun |interviewer= [[Ted Koppel]] |program= [[Nightline (US news program)|Nightline]] |callsign= [[American Broadcasting Company|ABC]] |city= [[New York]] |date= 1994-04-05 |accessdate= 2007-03-30}}

Blackmun, Harry (1994-04-05). Interview with Ted Koppel. Nightline. ABC. New York. 

Example 2
{{cite interview
  | last        = Nader
  | first       = Ralph
  | subjectlink = Ralph Nader
  | interviewer = Ray Suarez
  | title       = Talk of the Nation
  | program     = [[National Public Radio]]
  | callsign    = [[WBUR]]
  | city        = Boston, Massachusetts
  | date        = 1998-04-16
  | accessdate  = 2007-03-30

Nader, Ralph (1998-04-16). Talk of the Nation. Interview with Ray Suarez. National Public Radio. WBUR. Boston, Massachusetts. 

Vertical list Prerequisites and Brief Instructions  
 {{cite interview
 | last           = 
 | first          = 
 | subject        = 
 | subjectlink    = 
 | last2          = 
 | first2         = 
 | subject2       = 
 | subjectlink2   = 
 | last3          = 
 | first3         = 
 | subject3       = 
 | subjectlink3   = 
 | last4          = 
 | subject4       = 
 | interviewer    = 
 | cointerviewers = 
 | title          = 
 | type           = 
 | url            = 
 | format         = 
 | program        = 
 | callsign       = 
 | city           = 
 | date           = 
 | year           = 
 | month          = 
 | page           = 
 | pages          = 
 | accessdate     = 
 | archiveurl     = 
 | archivedate    = 
 | quote   = 
 Prerequisites*  Brief Instructions
 --------------  -----------------------
 REQUIRED**      (no wikilink)
 last            (no wikilink)
 REQUIRED**      (no wikilink)
 last/subject    (no wikilink)
 last/subject    (no wikilink)
 last2           (no wikilink)
 last/subject    (no wikilink)
 last2/subject2  (no wikilink)
 last2/subject2  (no wikilink)
 last3           (no wikilink)
 last2/subject2  (no wikilink)
 last3/subject3  (no wikilink)
 last3/subject3  (no wikilink)
 last3/subject3  (no wikilink)
                 Transcript; Video; Audio
                 name of program or publisher
                †preferred (no wikilink)
                 alternative to date
                 alternative to date
The field listed below is a prerequisite for the field to the left. For example last is a prerequisite to first meaning first will not be displayed even if it has a value unless last also has a value.
∗∗ One of last and subject needs to be provided. Subject has precedence.
This is the preferred field with its alternates listed below.



Most fields can be wikilinked (ie. title = [[book article|book title]]), but should generally only be linked to an existing Wikipedia article. Any wikilinked field must not contain any brackets apart from normal round brackets () — don't use <>[]{}.

Description of fields[edit]

Syntax (for the technical-minded)[edit]

Nested fields either rely on their parent fields, or replace them:

  • parent
    • child — may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2 — may be used instead of parent (and is ignored if parent is used)


  • subject: Subject of the interview. Use to specify a single author of the paper, or alternatively, to specify all the authors of the paper in whatever format desired. If you use subject to specify all the subject, do not specify the following author-related parameters.
    • last works with first to produce last, first;. These parameters produce the maximum metadata and should be used if possible.
    • last2, first2 and subsequent should be used for co-authors (up to 8 will be displayed before truncation with "et al".
    • subjectlink name of an existing Wikipedia article about the author. If present, either subject or last & first become a link to the appropriate article.
    • subjectlink2 to subjectlink9 may similarly be used when there is an article on coauthors specified using last2, first2 etc.
    • author-separator: over-ride the default semi-colon that separates authors' names.
    • author-mask — This parameter is primarily intended for use in bibliographies where multiple works by a single author are listed. It replaces the name of the first author (which must still be provided to garner metadata) with a strike-through dash (—) author-mask em in length. So, if |author-mask=1 then the dash will be one em in length, if |author-mask=2 it will be two em long, and so on. Set author-mask to a text value to display a word instead – for example, "with". You must still include |last= and |first= for metadata purposes.
    • author-name-separator: over-ride the default semicolon that separates authors' names.
    • display-authors: Specify a digit to only display the first n authors (followed by "et al"). The first 9 authors should still be included in the template; these will be included in the metadata to assist users with browser plugins, etc.
  • interviewer: Full name of interviewer.
  • type: Type of interview. defaults to 'Interview with'.
  • date: January 1, 2006. Full date of publication.
    • year: 2006. Year of publication (ignored if the date field is used).
      • month: January. Month of publication (ignored if the date field is used, or if the year field is not used).
  • title: Title of article.
  • journal or periodical or newspaper or magazine: Name of the journal or periodical.
  • volume: Volume number of the journal in which the article is found
  • series or version: At most one of these may be entered. In either case the value will be displayed in plaintext after the title.
    • version: Use when citing a paper. It may be used, for example, for standards documents, which retain the same title and document number (e.g. ISO nnnnn) but may have many revisions (e.g. ISO nnnnn-xxxx).
  • issue: Journal's issue number, or issue name.
  • page or pages: 45–47: first page, and optional last page (separated by an en dash –). If you need to refer to a specific page within a cited source, use Template:Rp or shortened footnotes.
  • at: Position within the resource when |page=/|pages= is inappropriate or insufficient. This parameter is ignored if |page=/|pages= is specified. Examples of usage of |at=: |at=para. 14 (when citing a source without page numbers), |at=02:56 (a film or audio timestamp), |at=no. 456 (something in a numbered list), |at=p. 6, col. 2 (for a page and a column because "column" is not a Citation template parameter), or |at=sec. F pp. 4–6 (for a section and a page within the section, "section" not being a parameter).
  • publisher: Publisher of interview; should not include corporate designation such as "Ltd" or "Inc".
  • language: Language, e.g. Finnish. (English is assumed and should not be specified.)
    • trans_title: Translated (English) title, when the title is in a foreign language. Can be used without source title when the source title is unknown.}}
  • program: News program or event.
  • callsign: Radio or TV callsign.
    • city: Place of interview.
  • id: A unique identifier, used if none of the below are applicable. In this case, you need to specify the kind of identifier you are using, preferably with a template like {{US patent}}, {{MR}} / {{MathSciNet}}, {{Zbl}}, {{arXiv}}, {{JSTOR}} or {{JFM}}. (Use one of the more specialized parameters if possible; they are linked automatically. In other words, don't use id = PMID 15128012 anymore. Use pmid = 15128012.)
    • issn: The publication's International Standard Serial Number such as 1111-2220. The eight-figure ISSN may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen; but neither an N-dash nor a space are valid for use as separator between the groups.
    • oclc: The periodical's Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581
    • pmid: The document's PubMed Unique Identifier, such as 15128012
    • pmc: The document's PubMed Central article number (PMCID) for full-text free repository of an article, such as 246835
    • bibcode: The document's bibcode in the Astrophysics Data System, e.g., 1924MNRAS..84..308E
    • doi: A digital object identifier for the document, such as 10.1130/0091-7613(1990)018<1153:TAFSIA>2.3.CO;2.
      • doi_inactivedate: Sometimes the doi target link might not function (e.g. it is awaiting entry to the CrossRef database). Use this parameter, which takes a date argument, to de-link the DOI. The parameter will be removed when the DOI becomes active again. Must not be wikilinked.
        The doi value is still shown, but without a link, and the mainspace article is added to "Category:Pages with DOIs inactive since YYYY".
  • url: This should point to, in descending order of preference:
  1. A free online version of the full text
  2. An online version of the full text, for which subscription is required
  3. An abstract or information page, if no DOI or PMID record is available
If a DOI or PMID is available, the URL should only be specified if it would point to a different page to that which a DOI or PMID would redirect to.
Note: the URL must be properly encoded, especially replacing any double quote (") with %22. See Percent-encoding for more information.
  • accessdate: Full date when URL/DOI was last checked. Should use the same format as the other full dates in the references. Must not be wikilinked.
  • format: Format of the document at its URL (e.g., PDF, xls, etc.) Don't specify for HTML (implied as default). This parameter is sometimes used for completely different purposes, with values such as "fee required" and "reprint", but its original intent was to warn readers of file formats that their browsers might have trouble with.
  • laysummary: URL of a lay summary, which could be in a popular science magazine or newspaper.
    • laysource: Name of the source, e.g. The Guardian (UK newspaper) or New Scientist.
    • laydate: Date of publication or, where this is not available, date of retrieval of the lay summary.
  • quote: Relevant excerpt from the interview.
  • ref: ID for anchor. By default, no anchor is generated. The ordinary nonempty value |ref=ID generates an anchor with the given ID; such a linkable reference can be made the target of wikilinks to full references, especially useful in short citations like shortened notes and parenthetical referencing. The special value |ref=harv generates an anchor suitable for the {{harv}} template; see anchors for Harvard referencing templates.
  • editor: Name of editor/editors. Do not Wikilink any values in the editor field but use editor-link instead. The template automatically adds "ed." after the editor's name unless the chapter parameter is used in which case the template adds "in" before the editor's name which appears after the chapter and before the title. This implies that the author is responsible only for part of the book (including the cited chapter) and the editor responsible for the whole book. If, however, the author(s) and editor(s) are responsible for the whole book, then the editor field or its alternates described below should not be used if the chapter field is being used. Instead, the editor(s) should be included in an author field with possibly "(ed.)" after the surname(s). Alternatively, the editor field may be used if the chapter detail is included in the title field instead of using the chapter field.
  • OR: alternatively editor-first and editor-last can be used in the same way as first and last.
  • OR: for multiple editors up to four in number, use the fields editor1-first, editor1-last, ...,editorn-first, editorn-last to 'correctly' record all the information about the book in the same way as firstn and lastn.
    • editor-link or editor1-link...editorn-link is used in the same way as authorlink or authorlinkn.
  • separator: The separator to use in lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to ".", but "," may be useful also. If the field is present, but blank, no separator will be used.
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation; defaults to a period (.). If the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if |quote= is specified.
  • archive parameters (if used, must be used both of them together)
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of the page, if (or in case) the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and Archive.org.
    • archivedate: Date when the item was archived. Should not be wikilinked.

See also[edit]