String quintet

From Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

A string quintet is a musical composition for a standard string quartet (two violins, a viola, and a cello) supplemented by a fifth string instrument, usually a second viola (a so-called "viola quintet") or a second cello (a "cello quintet"), but occasionally a double bass. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who favoured addition of a viola, is considered a pioneer of the form. Most famous of the cello quintets is Franz Schubert's Quintet in C major. Antonín Dvořák's Quintet Op. 77 uses a double bass, and Mozart's famous Eine kleine Nachtmusik may be performed with this instrumentation (the double bass being optional). Alternative additions include clarinet or piano (see Clarinet quintet, Piano quintet); and other closely related chamber music genres include the string quartet (much more common), the string trio, and the string sextet.

Many composers famous for their string quartets – such as Joseph Haydn (pioneer of the quartet genre), Béla Bartók, Paul Hindemith, and Dmitri Shostakovich – never composed a string quintet.

The term string quintet may refer to a group of five players that performs such works. It can also be applied to the standard five-part orchestral string section: first violins, second violins, violas, cellos, and double basses.

List of string quintet composers[edit]

Challenge[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Parlett, David. "Catalog of music by Bax (1930-1939)". Retrieved 2007-12-20.
  2. ^ a b "Merton Catalog". Retrieved 2007-10-23.
  3. ^ "Frank Martin Worklist". Retrieved 2007-10-23.

fr:Quintette à cordes it:Quintetto d'archi hu:Vonósötös no:Strykekvintett