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Lucius Arruntius (ca. 60 BC – AD 10) was a Roman admiral. He saw action during the War with Sextus Pompeius, and the war of Mark Antony and Augustus. He is most notable for his participation during the Battle of Actium, where he was in command of victorious Augustus' central division. He was also instrumental in convincing Octavian to pardon Gaius Sosius, one of Mark Antony's generals, after his capture.
Arruntius was consul in 22 BC. He was one of the great military men in the regime whose loyal sword at Augustus' bidding helped deter would-be challengers. His son of the same name L. Arruntius "the Younger" was consul in AD 6. According to Tacitus Ann. 1.13, Augustus praised Arruntius as "capax imperii" – capable of (ruling the) Empire. It is not clear which Arruntius Augustus so praised, as there is reason to select either Arruntius. The younger Arruntius played a prominent role in the Senate in the days after Augustus died, but the father was better known for his military skill.
Martha Hoffman Lewis included Arruntius among those elevated to patrician status in 29. He attended the Ludi Saeculares in 17 according to an inscription CIL 6.32323 = ILS 5050 as a quindecimvir. According to Gaius Stern, he appears on the Ara Pacis within the college of the quindecimviri sacris faciundis.
A Lucius Arruntius is also mentioned in Seneca's Epistulae morales ad Lucilium (Ep. Mor. 114.17) as an imitator of Sallustius' literary style and as the author of a historical work on the Punic War. This could either be the Arruntius mentioned above or his son, the consul of AD 6.
An adopted grandson, L. Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus (cos. AD 32), rebelled against Claudius in a brief civil war, but committed suicide when the rebellion failed in AD 42.
- Martha Hoffman Lewis, _The Official Priests of Rome under the Julio-Claudians. A Study of the Nobility from 44 B.C. to 68 A.D._, Rome 1955.
- Gaius Stern, "Women Children and Senators on the Ara Pacis Augustae", University of California Berkeley dissertation 2006.
Augustus and Aulus Terentius Varro Murena
|Consul of the Roman Empire together with Marcus Claudius Marcellus Aeserninus
Marcus Lollius and Quintus Aemilius Lepidus
Lucius Valerius Messalla Volesus and Gnaeus Cornelius Cinna Magnus
|Consul of the Roman Empire together with Marcus Aemilius Lepidus
Quintus Caecilius Metellus Creticus Silanus and Aulus Licinius Nerva Silianus
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